Scanning laser polarimetry in eyes with exfoliation syndrome

Antonios T. Dimopoulos, Andreas Katsanos, Dimitrios G. Mikropoulos, Theodoros Giannopoulos, Theodoros Empeslidis, Miguel A. Teus, Gábor Holló, Anastasios G.P. Konstas

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To compare retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) of normotensive eyes with exfoliation syndrome (XFS) and healthy eyes. Methods: Sixty-four consecutive individuals with XFS and normal office-time intraocular pressure (IOP) and 72 consecutive healthy controls were prospectively enrolled for a cross-sectional analysis in this hospital-based observational study. The GDx-VCC parameters (temporal-superior-nasalinferior-temporal [TSNIT] average, superior average, inferior average, TSNIT standard deviation (SD), and nerve fiber indicator [NFI]) were compared between groups. Correlation between various clinical parameters and RNFLT parameters was investigated with Spearman coefficient. Results: The NFI, although within normal limits for both groups, was significantly greater in the XFS group compared to controls: the respective median and interquartile range (IQR) values were 25.1 (22.0-29.0) vs 15.0 (12.0-20.0), p<0.001. In the XFS group, all RNFLT values were significantly lower compared to controls (p<0.001). However, they were all within the normal clinical ranges for both groups: TSNIT average median (IQR): 52.8 (49.7-55.7) vs 56.0 (53.0-59.3) μm; superior average mean (SD): 62.3 (6.7) vs 68.8 (8.2) μm; inferior average mean (SD): 58.0 (7.2) vs 64.8 (7.7) μm, respectively. TSNIT SD was significantly lower in the XFS group, median (IQR): 18.1 (15.4-20.4) vs 21.0 (18.4-23.8), p<0.001. There was no systematic relationship between RNFLT and visual acuity, cup-to-disc ratio, IOP, central corneal thickness, Humphrey mean deviation, and pattern standard deviation in either group. Conclusions: Compared to control eyes, polarimetry-determined RNFLT was lower in XFS eyes with normal IOP. Therefore, close monitoring of RNFLT may facilitate early identification of those XFS eyes that convert to exfoliative glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-750
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 20 2013

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Keywords

  • Exfoliation syndrome
  • Exfoliative glaucoma
  • GDx-VCC
  • RNFLT
  • Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness
  • Scanning laser polarimetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Dimopoulos, A. T., Katsanos, A., Mikropoulos, D. G., Giannopoulos, T., Empeslidis, T., Teus, M. A., Holló, G., & Konstas, A. G. P. (2013). Scanning laser polarimetry in eyes with exfoliation syndrome. European Journal of Ophthalmology, 23(5), 743-750. https://doi.org/10.5301/ejo.5000247