Purpose: To compare retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) of normotensive eyes with exfoliation syndrome (XFS) and healthy eyes. Methods: Sixty-four consecutive individuals with XFS and normal office-time intraocular pressure (IOP) and 72 consecutive healthy controls were prospectively enrolled for a cross-sectional analysis in this hospital-based observational study. The GDx-VCC parameters (temporal-superior-nasalinferior-temporal [TSNIT] average, superior average, inferior average, TSNIT standard deviation (SD), and nerve fiber indicator [NFI]) were compared between groups. Correlation between various clinical parameters and RNFLT parameters was investigated with Spearman coefficient. Results: The NFI, although within normal limits for both groups, was significantly greater in the XFS group compared to controls: the respective median and interquartile range (IQR) values were 25.1 (22.0-29.0) vs 15.0 (12.0-20.0), p<0.001. In the XFS group, all RNFLT values were significantly lower compared to controls (p<0.001). However, they were all within the normal clinical ranges for both groups: TSNIT average median (IQR): 52.8 (49.7-55.7) vs 56.0 (53.0-59.3) μm; superior average mean (SD): 62.3 (6.7) vs 68.8 (8.2) μm; inferior average mean (SD): 58.0 (7.2) vs 64.8 (7.7) μm, respectively. TSNIT SD was significantly lower in the XFS group, median (IQR): 18.1 (15.4-20.4) vs 21.0 (18.4-23.8), p<0.001. There was no systematic relationship between RNFLT and visual acuity, cup-to-disc ratio, IOP, central corneal thickness, Humphrey mean deviation, and pattern standard deviation in either group. Conclusions: Compared to control eyes, polarimetry-determined RNFLT was lower in XFS eyes with normal IOP. Therefore, close monitoring of RNFLT may facilitate early identification of those XFS eyes that convert to exfoliative glaucoma.
- Exfoliation syndrome
- Exfoliative glaucoma
- Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness
- Scanning laser polarimetry
ASJC Scopus subject areas