Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 28.Ion-Selective Neutral Carrier-Based Microelectrode Potentiometry

Chang Wei, Allen J. Bard, G. Nagy, K. Tóth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

127 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrodes for scanning ion-selective potentiometric microscopy (or potentiometric SECM) were developed and used to image local concentration profiles of NH4+, K+, and Zn2+ ions. Neutral carrier-based micropipet ion-selective electrodes with high spatial resolution (∼2-3 μm) and fast response time (∼300 ms) were fabricated and employed as potentiometric SECM tips, and high-resolution ion-selective images around micrometer-scale objects were obtained for selected model systems. This technique was also used to map enzyme activity and to measure concentrations within the diffusion layer of an ultramicroelectrode. Several methods are used to determine the absolute distance between tip and target on the basis of measurement of solution resistance using Ag/AgCl micropipet electrodes or potentiometric measurement of the steady-state concentration profile using ion-selective microelectrodes; the corresponding theories of both are presented. Dual-channel tips are also introduced for ion-selective potentiometric microscopy. In these, one channel operates as an ion-selective electrode and the other as a distance sensor. Quantitative concentration profiles can be obtained with knowledge of absolute tip position.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1346-1356
Number of pages11
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume67
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 1995

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Microelectrodes
Microscopic examination
Ions
Scanning
Electrodes
Enzyme activity
Sensors
Ion-Selective Electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 28.Ion-Selective Neutral Carrier-Based Microelectrode Potentiometry. / Wei, Chang; Bard, Allen J.; Nagy, G.; Tóth, K.

In: Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 67, No. 8, 15.04.1995, p. 1346-1356.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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