Salt acclimation processes in wheat

Tibor Janda, Éva Darko, Sami Shehata, Viktória Kovács, Magda Pál, Gabriella Szalai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Young wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Mv Béres) were exposed to 0 or 25 mM NaCl for 11 days (salt acclimation). Thereafter the plants were irrigated with 500 mM NaCl for 5 days (salt stress). Irrigating the plants with a low concentration of NaCl successfully led to a reduction in chlorotic symptoms and in the impairment of the photosynthetic processes when the plants were exposed to subsequent high-dose salt treatment. After exposure to a high concentration of NaCl there was no difference in leaf Na content between the salt-acclimated and non-acclimated plants, indicating that salt acclimation did not significantly modify Na transport to the shoots. While the polyamine level was lower in salt-treated plants than in the control, salt acclimation led to increased osmotic potential in the leaves. Similarly, the activities of certain antioxidant enzymes, namely glutathione reductase, catalase and ascorbate peroxidase, were significantly higher in salt-acclimated plants. The results also suggest that while SOS1, SOS2 or NHX2 do not play a decisive role in the salt acclimation processes in young wheat plants; another stress-related gene, WALI6, may contribute to the success of the salt acclimation processes. The present study suggested that the responses of wheat plants to acclimation with low level of salt and to treatment with high doses of salt may be fundamentally different.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-75
Number of pages8
JournalPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • Acclimation
  • Gene expression
  • Oxidative stress
  • Salinity
  • Triticum aestivum L.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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