Safety of the electroconvulsive therapy and amisulpride combination

Rozália Takács, Zsolt Iványi, Gabor S. Ungvari, Gábor Gazdag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Electroconvulsive therapy is frequently considered when pharmacotherapy is ineffective. In such cases the combination of the two treatment modalities are commonly used. Amisulpiride, a second generation antipsychotic drug is used in the treatment of schizophrenia and psychotic depression. When amisulpiride is ineffective as a monotherapy, combination with ECT could be an option to enhance its efficacy. To the best of our knowledge, to date there have been no data about the safety of this combination. Subjects and methods: Medical notes of all patients who were given ECT while on amisulpiride were selected from the archives of the Department of Psychiatry, Semmelweis University Medical School, Budapest, covering a 10-year period. A randomly selected matched control group was formed from patients who underwent ECT but were not taking amisulpiride. Patients in both groups also received a variety of psychotropic drugs other than amisulpide. Side effects were compared between the two groups of patients. Results: Twenty patients received amisulpride with ECT. The most common side effects were headache, hypertension, tachycardia, nausea, dizziness, confusion, psychomotor agitation, sialorrhea, and prolonged seizure activity. All adverse effects resolved within 24 hours. No side effects of any kind were observed in 7 and 8 cases in the study and control groups, respectively. Conclusions: This was the first study that examined the safety of amisulpride-ECT combination in schizophrenia. Comparing the side-effects between the study and control groups, no significant differences were detected in terms of their types or frequency. The amisulpiride-ECT combination appears to be a safe treatment option.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-79
Number of pages4
JournalPsychiatria Danubina
Volume25
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2 2013

Keywords

  • Amisulpiride
  • Electroconvulsive therapy
  • Safety
  • Side-effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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