Safening activities of natural compounds DIMBOA, DIBOA, and MBOA, as well as synthetic 1,4-benzoxazin-3-ones were tested against acetochlor and EPTC injuries to maize. No safening activities of natural products and from low to moderate activity of synthetic benzoxazinones were observed. In order to explain inefficacy of natural compounds we studied the influence of these molecules on enzymes participating in metabolic detoxication of acetochlor and EPTC. Pretreatment with DIMBOA elevated maize cytochrome P450 levels. Pretreatments with chemicals containing 1,4-benzoxazin-3-one backbone did not alter glutathione S-transferase enzyme activities. However, all natural products inhibited glutathione S-transferase activity of roots and shoots in vitro after addition to the enzyme. Safening ineffectiveness of natural hydroxamic acids may be explained by their inhibitory effects on GST enzymes due to their reaction with sulfhydryl groups on the enzyme.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1996|
- cytochrome P450
- glutathione S- transferase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science