Objective: To elucidate the possible etiological role of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the inverse correlation between nuchal translucency (NT) thickness and fetomaternal transfusion (FMT). Methods: The level of FMT was determined prospectively in 80 viable, singleton pregnancies in which 10-14-week ultrasonographic scanning, NT thickness measurement; chorionic villus sampling (CVS) for fetal karyotyping and VEGF concentration determination were performed. The grouping procedures were based either on NT thickness (<2 MoM in Group I, and ≥2 MoM in Group II), or on karyotype (euploid in Group A, and aneuploid in Group B). The level of FMT was determined via maternal serum α-fetoprotein levels before and after CVS. The FMT and the VEGF concentration of the chorionic tissue were analysed in comparisons between Groups I and II, and between Groups "A" and "B". Results: The mean level of FMT after CVS was 72.5±21.3 μL and 19.28±5.4 μL in Groups I (n=44) and II (n=36), respectively (P<0.02). The VEGF concentration of the chorionic tissue in Groups I and II was 40.6±16.7 pg/mg protein and 21.1±6.3 pg/mg protein, respectively (P=0.28). The mean level of FMT was 57.9±15.0 μL and 8.1±3.9 μL in Groups A and B, respectively (P<0.003). The VEGF concentration of the chorionic tissue in Groups A and B was 25.9±10.7 pg/mg protein and 21.3±11.3 pg/mg protein, respectively (P=0.77). Conclusion: No difference exists in the VEGF concentration in the aspirated chorionic tissue between Groups I and II and between Groups A and B. A higher level of FMT was observed among the aneuploid pregnancies after CVS than among the euploid cases. Chorionic VEGF does not influence the inverse relationship between the pre-CVS NT thickness and FMT.
- Fetomaternal transfusion
- nuchal translucency thickness
- vascular endothelial growth factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology