Role of Tachykinin 1 and 4 Gene-Derived Neuropeptides and the Neurokinin 1 Receptor in Adjuvant-Induced Chronic Arthritis of the Mouse

Éva Borbély, Zsófia Hajna, Katalin Sándor, László Kereskai, István Tóth, Erika Pintér, Péter Nagy, János Szolcsányi, John Quinn, Andreas Zimmer, James Stewart, Christopher Paige, Alexandra Berger, Zsuzsanna Helyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective:Substance P, encoded by the Tac1 gene, is involved in neurogenic inflammation and hyperalgesia via neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor activation. Its non-neuronal counterpart, hemokinin-1, which is derived from the Tac4 gene, is also a potent NK1 agonist. Although hemokinin-1 has been described as a tachykinin of distinct origin and function compared to SP, its role in inflammatory and pain processes has not yet been elucidated in such detail. In this study, we analysed the involvement of tachykinins derived from the Tac1 and Tac4 genes, as well as the NK1 receptor in chronic arthritis of the mouse.Methods:Complete Freund's Adjuvant was injected intraplantarly and into the tail of Tac1-/-, Tac4-/-, Tacr1-/- (NK1 receptor deficient) and Tac1-/-/Tac4-/- mice. Paw volume was measured by plethysmometry and mechanosensitivity using dynamic plantar aesthesiometry over a time period of 21 days. Semiquantitative histopathological scoring and ELISA measurement of IL-1β concentrations of the tibiotarsal joints were performed.Results:Mechanical hyperalgesia was significantly reduced from day 11 in Tac4-/- and Tacr1-/- animals, while paw swelling was not altered in any strain. Inflammatory histopathological alterations (synovial swelling, leukocyte infiltration, cartilage destruction, bone damage) and IL-1β concentration in the joint homogenates were significantly smaller in Tac4-/- and Tac1-/-/Tac4-/- mice.Conclusions:Hemokinin-1, but not substance P increases inflammation and hyperalgesia in the late phase of adjuvant-induced arthritis. While NK1 receptors mediate its antihyperalgesic actions, the involvement of another receptor in histopathological changes and IL-1β production is suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere61684
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 23 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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