The life expectancy of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus is inferior to that of patients with some malignancies. Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation is the procedure providing the best survival results among all options of renal replacement therapy. The operative techniques and immunosuppresion have been standardized in the last decade. Although the number of transplantable organs falls behind the need, simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation is the method of choice for the eligible patients. The results of the two Hungarian simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation programs are in accordance with data published in the international literature.
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