Role of PACAP in female fertility and reproduction at gonadal level - recent advances

Dora Reglodi, Andrea Tamas, Miklos Koppan, Donat Szogyi, Laura Welke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a pleiotropic neuropeptide, first isolated from hypothalamic extracts, but later shown in peripheral organs, such as endocrine glands, gastrointestinal system, cardiovascular system, and reproductive organs. PACAP plays a role in fertility and reproduction. Numerous studies report on the gonadal regulatory effects of PACAP at hypothalamo-hypophyseal levels. However, the local effects of PACAP at gonadal levels are also important.The present review summarizes the effects of PACAP in the ovary. PACAP and its receptors are present in the ovary, and PACAP plays a role in germ cell migration, meiotic division, follicular development, and atresia. The autocrineparacrine hormonal effects seem to play a regulatory role in ovulation, luteinization, and follicular atrophy. Altogether, PACAP belongs to the ovarian regulatory peptides.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberArticle 155
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Volume3
Issue numberDEC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Luteinization
  • Oocyte
  • Ovary
  • Ovulation
  • Pacap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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