Role of gastrin and cholecystokinin receptors in regulation of peptone-stimulated gastric cid secretion in conscious rats

Gábor Varga, Donald R. Campbell, Louis J. Bussjaeger, Travis E. Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the availability of selective gastrin/CCKB (L365,260) and CCKA (L364,718) receptor antagonists the present study was designed to investigate the role of gastrin and cholecystokinin (CCK) receptors in meal-stimulated gastric acid secretion. Gastric acid output was measured by continuous intragastric titration in conscious rats. Vehicle (dimethylsulfoxide/saline, 3:1), L365,260 (3 or 9 mg/kg), or L364,718 (1 mg/kg) was given by i.v. bolus injection. Basal acid output was strongly inhibited by both doses of L365,260 while L364,718 had no effect. Intragastric peptone (4%, w/v) increased acid secretion 40-65% of the response to a maximal dose (2.5 nmol/kg per h) of gastrin-17. L365,260 completely abolished gastrin-17 stimulated acid secretion and partially inhibited peptone-induced acid secretion. Blockade of CCKA receptors by L364,718 did not affect peptone-stimulated acid output. This study demonstrates that gastrin/CCKB receptors are important in regulating basal acid secretion in the conscious rat while CCKA receptors do not appear to influence basal or peptone-stimulated gastric acid secretion. Blockade of gastrin/CCKB receptors partially inhibits intragastric meal-stimulated acid secretion indicating that the gastrin/CCKB receptor has a physiological role as mediator of food-stimulated acid secretory response in conscious rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume250
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 30 1993

Keywords

  • CCK (cholecystokinin)
  • CCK receptor antagonist
  • Gastric acid secretion
  • Gastrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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