Role of chemical structure in stereoselective recognition of beta-blockers and H1-antihistamines by human serum transferrin in capillary zone electrophoresis

László Gagyi, Árpád Gyéresi, Ferenc Kilár

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Studies on chiral resolution of beta-blocker and H1-antihistamine drugs by CZE using human serum transferrin are described. The drugs with different structures passed a pseudostationary protein zone in a coated capillary applying the partial filling method for the chiral separation. In this study we screened 15 compounds; most of them showed longer migration time, indicating an interaction with transferrin. Stereo-selective interaction was observed only for five beta-blockers (celiprolol, talinolol, mepindolol, bopindolol, and oxprenolol) and for one H1-antihistamine (brompheniramine). The most important finding was that very small differences in the chemical structure of the drug resulted in significant changes in the stereoselective recognition. Resolution of mepindolol enantiomers was observed showing the essential role of one methyl group compared to pindolol, which is not resolved by transferrin. Bopindolol, also a derivative of pindolol having bigger difference in the structure, showed more experienced separation. The very slight difference between alprenolol and oxprenolol was also revealed with these methods, since only oxprenolol enantiomers, having an extra oxygen in the structure, are resolved. Determining the migration order of the eutomers and distomers (chlorpheniramine, brompheniramine) we can deduct conclusions about the role of serum proteins in the delivery of drugs within the body.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1510-1516
Number of pages7
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2006



  • Beta-blockers
  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Chiral separation
  • H-antihistamines
  • Transferrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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