ROCplot.org: Validating predictive biomarkers of chemotherapy/hormonal therapy/anti-HER2 therapy using transcriptomic data of 3,104 breast cancer patients

János T. Fekete, B. Györffy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Systemic therapy of breast cancer can include chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and targeted therapy. Prognostic biomarkers are able to predict survival and predictive biomarkers are able to predict therapy response. In this report, we describe the initial release of the first available online tool able to identify gene expression-based predictive biomarkers using transcriptomic data of a large set of breast cancer patients. Published gene expression data of 36 publicly available datasets were integrated with treatment data into a unified database. Response to therapy was determined using either author-reported pathological complete response data (n = 1,775) or relapse-free survival status at 5 years (n = 1,329). Treatment data includes chemotherapy (n = 2,108), endocrine therapy (n = 971) and anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) therapy (n = 267). The transcriptomic database includes 20,089 unique genes and 54,675 probe sets. Gene expression and therapy response are compared using receiver operating characteristics and Mann–Whitney tests. We demonstrate the utility of the pipeline by cross-validating 23 paclitaxel resistance-associated genes in different molecular subtypes of breast cancer. An additional set of established biomarkers including TP53 for chemotherapy in Luminal breast cancer (p = 1.01E-19, AUC = 0.769), HER2 for trastuzumab therapy (p = 8.4E-04, AUC = 0.629) and PGR for hormonal therapy (p = 8.6E-05, AUC = 0.7), are also endorsed. The tool is designed to validate and rank new predictive biomarker candidates in real time. By analyzing the selected genes in a large set of independent patients, one can select the most robust candidates and quickly eliminate those that are most likely to fail in a clinical setting. The analysis tool is accessible at www.rocplot.org.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Biomarkers
Drug Therapy
Therapeutics
Breast Neoplasms
Area Under Curve
Gene Expression
human ERBB2 protein
Breast Cancer 3
Databases
Genes
Survival
Paclitaxel
ROC Curve
Genetic Therapy
Recurrence

Keywords

  • chemotherapy
  • hormonal therapy
  • molecular subtypes
  • relapse-free survival
  • ROC
  • targeted therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

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abstract = "Systemic therapy of breast cancer can include chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and targeted therapy. Prognostic biomarkers are able to predict survival and predictive biomarkers are able to predict therapy response. In this report, we describe the initial release of the first available online tool able to identify gene expression-based predictive biomarkers using transcriptomic data of a large set of breast cancer patients. Published gene expression data of 36 publicly available datasets were integrated with treatment data into a unified database. Response to therapy was determined using either author-reported pathological complete response data (n = 1,775) or relapse-free survival status at 5 years (n = 1,329). Treatment data includes chemotherapy (n = 2,108), endocrine therapy (n = 971) and anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) therapy (n = 267). The transcriptomic database includes 20,089 unique genes and 54,675 probe sets. Gene expression and therapy response are compared using receiver operating characteristics and Mann–Whitney tests. We demonstrate the utility of the pipeline by cross-validating 23 paclitaxel resistance-associated genes in different molecular subtypes of breast cancer. An additional set of established biomarkers including TP53 for chemotherapy in Luminal breast cancer (p = 1.01E-19, AUC = 0.769), HER2 for trastuzumab therapy (p = 8.4E-04, AUC = 0.629) and PGR for hormonal therapy (p = 8.6E-05, AUC = 0.7), are also endorsed. The tool is designed to validate and rank new predictive biomarker candidates in real time. By analyzing the selected genes in a large set of independent patients, one can select the most robust candidates and quickly eliminate those that are most likely to fail in a clinical setting. The analysis tool is accessible at www.rocplot.org.",
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