Risk perception and behavior

Evaluation of own diet among young athletes and nonathletes in Hungary

B. Pikó, Rita Mikulan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Evaluation of own diet as risky or healthful is a key factor in health risk perception. Dietary behavior is closely related to other elements of the lifestyle; this connection is particularly strong with physical activity. Therefore, we should investigate how people evaluate their own diet in light of their physical activity. Dietary habits play a decisive role not only in evaluating the healthy or unhealthy nature of diet but also in evaluating one's own health. This is particularly true in adolescents during which there are tremendous changes in their health behavior and risk perception. This process may be influenced by a number of factors. Evaluation of one's own diet is also affected by a number of factors, for example, psychological variables. This study focuses on the features of dietary habits and evaluation of one's own diet among youth (N = 347) containing a group of young athletes (n = 91) and a control group of non-athlethes (n = 256). In relation to the evaluation of one's own diet, we investigated the degree to which individual and social psychological variables (namely, self-esteem and social comparison) might influence it. The results indicate that the athletes' diet is characterized by a higher level of health consciousness and a more active monitoring tendency of their diet. Whereas evaluation of one's own diet among nonathletes is greatly influenced by an observation of others' behavior, among athletes, dietary habits (both health risk and health protective), the actual Body Mass Index and their self-esteem are determinant. Sports activity has a positive effect not only on diet but also on a conscious monitoring of dietary behavior and the evaluation of one's own diet.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPsychology of Risk Perception
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages177-178
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9781608769605
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

behavior evaluation
Hungary
Risk-Taking
athlete
Athletes
Diet
health risk
evaluation
habits
self-esteem
Feeding Behavior
health
monitoring
Health
Self Concept
health behavior
consciousness
Sports
Group
Exercise

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Comparison study
  • Evaluation of diet
  • Psychological correlates
  • Risky diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Pikó, B., & Mikulan, R. (2010). Risk perception and behavior: Evaluation of own diet among young athletes and nonathletes in Hungary. In Psychology of Risk Perception (pp. 177-178). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

Risk perception and behavior : Evaluation of own diet among young athletes and nonathletes in Hungary. / Pikó, B.; Mikulan, Rita.

Psychology of Risk Perception. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2010. p. 177-178.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Pikó, B & Mikulan, R 2010, Risk perception and behavior: Evaluation of own diet among young athletes and nonathletes in Hungary. in Psychology of Risk Perception. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 177-178.
Pikó B, Mikulan R. Risk perception and behavior: Evaluation of own diet among young athletes and nonathletes in Hungary. In Psychology of Risk Perception. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2010. p. 177-178
Pikó, B. ; Mikulan, Rita. / Risk perception and behavior : Evaluation of own diet among young athletes and nonathletes in Hungary. Psychology of Risk Perception. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2010. pp. 177-178
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