Risk management of chemicals and contaminated land - from planning to verification

K. Gruiz, B. Sára, E. Vaszita

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Risk-based management of environmental problems requires a careful selection and planning of the best risk management option, the monitoring of environmental, health, social and economic impacts, and finally the verification of the applied measures and technologies. The consecutive selection, planning, implementation, and verification of regulatory measures or technology applications require a tool battery which is adapted to the environmental activity to manage. Part of the impacts can be measured and characterized by absolute values such as monetized benefits. Others can be characterized on a relative scale by comparing them to each other or to a reference value. The evaluation can be prospective or retrospective. Verification of an environmental measure or technology is a generic regulatory process resulting in a certificate for a technology whose appropriateness and efficacy have been proved in general, or it may refer to a site-specific application, where the technology has either fulfilled the requirements or appeared to be capable of achieving the planned target. This chapter introduces the environmental risk assessment (ERA), socio-economic assessment (SEA), multi-criteria analysis (MCA) and life cycle assessment (LCA) tools. These tools are used for the assessment of environmental problems caused by chemical substances or contaminated sites, for the selection of the best possible risk reduction measure (comparative evaluation), monitoring the applied measure/technology (maintaining optimal operation), post-application assessment, and verification of the applied measure/technology by efficiency assessment and approval.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management
Subtitle of host publication1. Environmental Deterioration and Contamination - Problems and their Management
PublisherCRC Press
Pages227-312
Number of pages86
ISBN (Electronic)9781315778785
ISBN (Print)9781138001541
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Gruiz, K., Sára, B., & Vaszita, E. (2014). Risk management of chemicals and contaminated land - from planning to verification. In Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management: 1. Environmental Deterioration and Contamination - Problems and their Management (pp. 227-312). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/b17102