Revision of the age of construction phases of a mound dated to the late copper-early bronze age in eastern Hungary relying on 14C-Based chronologies

Gábor Szilágyi, P. Sümegi, Sándor Gulyás, Dávid Molnár

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ecse Mound is a burial mound in the Hortobágy region of eastern Hungary. Built by prehistoric nomadic peoples from the east, it now stands on the border between two modern settlements. The construction of the mound was assumed to be related to representatives of the Pit Grave Culture populating the area between the Late Copper and Bronze Ages. This theory considered similarities in shape, orientation, and stratigraphy of this mound with other absolute-dated ones in the Hortobágy region alone. The mound comprises two construction layers as indicated by magnetic susceptibility and on-site stratigraphic observations. According to detailed sedimentological, geochemical analyses of samples taken from the bedrock, artificial stratigraphic horizons, and the overlying topsoil, there is a marked similarity between the soil forming the body of the mound in both artificial horizons and the underlying bedrock soil. In contrast the pedological, geological character of the modern topsoil is utterly different. According to our dating results, the uppermost stratigraphic horizon is coeval with the absolute-dated mounds in the region, assigning it to the period of the Pit Grave Culture. However, the lower anthropological horizon is older and dates to between the Early and Late Copper Ages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1403-1412
Number of pages10
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume60
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

Fingerprint

Bronze Age
chronology
copper
topsoil
bedrock
nomadic people
magnetic susceptibility
stratigraphy
soil
Early Bronze Age
Hungary
Copper
Chronology
Mounds

Keywords

  • chronology
  • kurgan
  • landscape history
  • radiocarbon dating
  • sedimentology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Revision of the age of construction phases of a mound dated to the late copper-early bronze age in eastern Hungary relying on 14C-Based chronologies. / Szilágyi, Gábor; Sümegi, P.; Gulyás, Sándor; Molnár, Dávid.

In: Radiocarbon, Vol. 60, No. 5, 01.10.2018, p. 1403-1412.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{145fd0c8428f4573a6f851ac701f6557,
title = "Revision of the age of construction phases of a mound dated to the late copper-early bronze age in eastern Hungary relying on 14C-Based chronologies",
abstract = "Ecse Mound is a burial mound in the Hortob{\'a}gy region of eastern Hungary. Built by prehistoric nomadic peoples from the east, it now stands on the border between two modern settlements. The construction of the mound was assumed to be related to representatives of the Pit Grave Culture populating the area between the Late Copper and Bronze Ages. This theory considered similarities in shape, orientation, and stratigraphy of this mound with other absolute-dated ones in the Hortob{\'a}gy region alone. The mound comprises two construction layers as indicated by magnetic susceptibility and on-site stratigraphic observations. According to detailed sedimentological, geochemical analyses of samples taken from the bedrock, artificial stratigraphic horizons, and the overlying topsoil, there is a marked similarity between the soil forming the body of the mound in both artificial horizons and the underlying bedrock soil. In contrast the pedological, geological character of the modern topsoil is utterly different. According to our dating results, the uppermost stratigraphic horizon is coeval with the absolute-dated mounds in the region, assigning it to the period of the Pit Grave Culture. However, the lower anthropological horizon is older and dates to between the Early and Late Copper Ages.",
keywords = "chronology, kurgan, landscape history, radiocarbon dating, sedimentology",
author = "G{\'a}bor Szil{\'a}gyi and P. S{\"u}megi and S{\'a}ndor Guly{\'a}s and D{\'a}vid Moln{\'a}r",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/RDC.2018.107",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "1403--1412",
journal = "Radiocarbon",
issn = "0033-8222",
publisher = "University of Arizona",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Revision of the age of construction phases of a mound dated to the late copper-early bronze age in eastern Hungary relying on 14C-Based chronologies

AU - Szilágyi, Gábor

AU - Sümegi, P.

AU - Gulyás, Sándor

AU - Molnár, Dávid

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Ecse Mound is a burial mound in the Hortobágy region of eastern Hungary. Built by prehistoric nomadic peoples from the east, it now stands on the border between two modern settlements. The construction of the mound was assumed to be related to representatives of the Pit Grave Culture populating the area between the Late Copper and Bronze Ages. This theory considered similarities in shape, orientation, and stratigraphy of this mound with other absolute-dated ones in the Hortobágy region alone. The mound comprises two construction layers as indicated by magnetic susceptibility and on-site stratigraphic observations. According to detailed sedimentological, geochemical analyses of samples taken from the bedrock, artificial stratigraphic horizons, and the overlying topsoil, there is a marked similarity between the soil forming the body of the mound in both artificial horizons and the underlying bedrock soil. In contrast the pedological, geological character of the modern topsoil is utterly different. According to our dating results, the uppermost stratigraphic horizon is coeval with the absolute-dated mounds in the region, assigning it to the period of the Pit Grave Culture. However, the lower anthropological horizon is older and dates to between the Early and Late Copper Ages.

AB - Ecse Mound is a burial mound in the Hortobágy region of eastern Hungary. Built by prehistoric nomadic peoples from the east, it now stands on the border between two modern settlements. The construction of the mound was assumed to be related to representatives of the Pit Grave Culture populating the area between the Late Copper and Bronze Ages. This theory considered similarities in shape, orientation, and stratigraphy of this mound with other absolute-dated ones in the Hortobágy region alone. The mound comprises two construction layers as indicated by magnetic susceptibility and on-site stratigraphic observations. According to detailed sedimentological, geochemical analyses of samples taken from the bedrock, artificial stratigraphic horizons, and the overlying topsoil, there is a marked similarity between the soil forming the body of the mound in both artificial horizons and the underlying bedrock soil. In contrast the pedological, geological character of the modern topsoil is utterly different. According to our dating results, the uppermost stratigraphic horizon is coeval with the absolute-dated mounds in the region, assigning it to the period of the Pit Grave Culture. However, the lower anthropological horizon is older and dates to between the Early and Late Copper Ages.

KW - chronology

KW - kurgan

KW - landscape history

KW - radiocarbon dating

KW - sedimentology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057057156&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85057057156&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/RDC.2018.107

DO - 10.1017/RDC.2018.107

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 1403

EP - 1412

JO - Radiocarbon

JF - Radiocarbon

SN - 0033-8222

IS - 5

ER -