Review of the main plant communities and coenotaxa of the Bodrogköz, Hungary

Orsolya Szirmai, Z. Tuba, János Nagy, Szilárd Czóbel, Bernadett Gál, Dániel Cserhalmi, Tibor Szerdahelyi, Zoltán Marschall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Bodrogköz is an area in Hungary that, in spite of the river and water regulation started in the 19th century, preserves its abundance of plant communities and habitats to this day. These provide a home for several species considered rare and vulnerable in both botanic and nature conservation terms. Alongside the characteristic non-arboraceous associations of the landscape, arboraceous stands in various sizes, structure and species composition are typical. The presented coenological relevés (records) mainly were carried out in 27 aquatic and waterside, 4 herbaceous and 10 arboraceous plant associations between 2003 and 2008. Our research was of a stopgap nature due to the lack of previous research into the area. We found several nationally rare associations worthy of protection in the communities studied e.g. Acoretum calami, Hottonietum palustris. From a coenological perspective the large number of aquatic and waterside communities of the oxbow lakes and drainage channels are unique e.g. Trapetum natantis and the hornbeam-oak population mixed with Fagus sylvatica in the forest Long Forest, which is rare in Great Plain conditions found here. Among the arboraceous coenotaxa there were find primarily riverine willow woods next to the waters, and white poplar woods at the banks, or oak-ash-elm woods further from the banks. The Great Plain hornbeam-oak populations are generally typical of on the site of abandoned riverbeds that dried up a while ago. The mixing of the last two coenotaxa can be observed in the area e.g. the oak-ash-elm woods of the Long Forest form a continuous transition with the hornbeam-oak. Robinia plantations are typically found near settlements or atop sand hills; their share in comparison to the Great Plain is relatively low. However the list of plant communities known in the Bodrogköz cannot be considered complete. Our long-term aim is the research and coenological analysis of all the plant communities. With this information we will be able to see the whole picture of botanical and coenological values of the Hungarian Bodrogköz, which has a Ramsar site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-297
Number of pages73
JournalThaiszia Journal of Botany
Volume19
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Hungary
plant communities
Quercus
Ulmus
oxbow lakes
Robinia
Populus alba
drainage channels
Fagus sylvatica
stream channels
natural resources conservation
preserves
plantations
sand
species diversity
rivers
habitats
water

Keywords

  • Aquatic
  • Arboraceous
  • Bodrogköz
  • Coenotaxa
  • Community
  • Non-arboraceous
  • Records

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Szirmai, O., Tuba, Z., Nagy, J., Czóbel, S., Gál, B., Cserhalmi, D., ... Marschall, Z. (2009). Review of the main plant communities and coenotaxa of the Bodrogköz, Hungary. Thaiszia Journal of Botany, 19(SUPPL. 1), 225-297.

Review of the main plant communities and coenotaxa of the Bodrogköz, Hungary. / Szirmai, Orsolya; Tuba, Z.; Nagy, János; Czóbel, Szilárd; Gál, Bernadett; Cserhalmi, Dániel; Szerdahelyi, Tibor; Marschall, Zoltán.

In: Thaiszia Journal of Botany, Vol. 19, No. SUPPL. 1, 2009, p. 225-297.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Szirmai, O, Tuba, Z, Nagy, J, Czóbel, S, Gál, B, Cserhalmi, D, Szerdahelyi, T & Marschall, Z 2009, 'Review of the main plant communities and coenotaxa of the Bodrogköz, Hungary', Thaiszia Journal of Botany, vol. 19, no. SUPPL. 1, pp. 225-297.
Szirmai O, Tuba Z, Nagy J, Czóbel S, Gál B, Cserhalmi D et al. Review of the main plant communities and coenotaxa of the Bodrogköz, Hungary. Thaiszia Journal of Botany. 2009;19(SUPPL. 1):225-297.
Szirmai, Orsolya ; Tuba, Z. ; Nagy, János ; Czóbel, Szilárd ; Gál, Bernadett ; Cserhalmi, Dániel ; Szerdahelyi, Tibor ; Marschall, Zoltán. / Review of the main plant communities and coenotaxa of the Bodrogköz, Hungary. In: Thaiszia Journal of Botany. 2009 ; Vol. 19, No. SUPPL. 1. pp. 225-297.
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