Review of soil tillage history and new challenges in Hungary

M. Birkás, Igor Dekemati, Zoltán Kende, Barnabás Pósa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study provides an overview of the development of soil tillage in Hungary. The primary goal is to present factors that have been promoting and hindering progress in tillage from the first authoritative records – from the eleventh century – up to now when soil tillage became a tool in the climate damage mitigation methods. Progress was restricted during the first eight hundred years of the history of tillage by lack of expertise and the use of primitive tools. In retrospect, much of the traditions are regarded as obstacles to progress while the adoption of certain foreign trends fostered development in most cases. The history of the development of tillage in Hungary is divided into seven eras, with equal positive and negative impacts on the quality of the soils. The quality of soils was threatened before 1900 primarily by the multi-ploughing systems, while reasonable tillage offered a chance for improvement. The geographical location of Hungary in Europe and the Hungarian language entailed a certain degree of isolation as well. It may have been the reason why Hungarian reasonable tillage could not become a forerunner of minimum tillage. New soil tillage methods developed abroad had influenced primarily education and experiments carried out in Hungary. After the regime change, however, such methods came to be driving progress in practice as well, thanks to a widened horizon. In 1998 soil conservation tillage were used on about 25 per cent of the total sown land, however, a decade and a half later the area cultivated by conservation methods had doubled. A survey conducted five years ago found that significant progress had been made in soil conservation tillage in dry seasons but the achievements are often eroded by return to the conventional modes during wet seasons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalHungarian Geographical Bulletin
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Hungary
tillage
conservation
history
soil
eleventh century
conservation tillage
soil conservation
social isolation
damages
expertise
climate
regime
lack
present
experiment
trend
language
plowing
wet season

Keywords

  • Climate focused tillage
  • Conventional tillage
  • Soil conservation
  • Tillage development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Review of soil tillage history and new challenges in Hungary. / Birkás, M.; Dekemati, Igor; Kende, Zoltán; Pósa, Barnabás.

In: Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, Vol. 66, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 55-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Birkás, M. ; Dekemati, Igor ; Kende, Zoltán ; Pósa, Barnabás. / Review of soil tillage history and new challenges in Hungary. In: Hungarian Geographical Bulletin. 2017 ; Vol. 66, No. 1. pp. 55-64.
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