The authors review the literature relating to hard tick species Dermacentor reticulatus (syn. Dermacentor pictus) known as the vector of Babesia canis in Hungary. The knowledge concerning nomenclature, ecology, veterinary and public health importance of this species is summarized. Specimens collected from dogs (in 29 veterinary small animal clinics of 13 counties and Budapest) and from the field with dragging method were identified. The presence of babesiae was examined in stained blood smears and in frozen blood samples with microscope and by polymerase chain reaction, respectively. D. reticulatus (708; 42.5%) was the second most common species among the 1777 tick specimens collected from 577 dogs. It occurred on about half (283; 49.6%) of the tick-infested dogs. Specimens of D. reticulatus were found in every month, most of them in March-April and September-October. Majority of the 372 ticks found on 16 field collection sites were adults (285; 76.6%) in which D. reticulatus (132; 46.3%) was the most common species. According to these results, D. reticulatus occurs in a greater geographical area in Hungary than it has been thought earlier. The specimens of this species have been found in new areas of Transdanube, in the counties of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg, Csongrád and Pest, and in several districts of Budapest. Finally, the causes of the more frequent occurrence of the vector tick and canine babesiosis are discussed.
|Translated title of the contribution||Review of literature relating to Dermacentor reticulatus (Acari: Ixodidae) and newer data on the occurrence in Hungary|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2005|
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