Reversible focal MRI abnormalities due to status epilepticus. An EEG, single photon emission computed tomography, transcranial Doppler follow-up study

C. Juhasz, E. Scheidl, I. Szirmai

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Abstract

We demonstrate clinical data and findings of MRI, transcranial Doppler (TCD), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and electroencephalography (EEG) in an 8 month follow-up study of a 15 year old girl who developed focal status epilepticus with sensory and visual illusions. EEG showed right temporal and occipital seizure activity and attenuation of the alpha activity with right predominance. MRI showed a right temporo-parietal hyper signal on the T2 weighted images involving the cortex with sulcal effacement. MRI-angiography suggested insufficient flow in the right transverse sinus. TCD detected an elevated flow velocity in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery during status epilepticus, corresponding to an increased perfusion of the epileptic area revealed by SPECT. After normalization of the TCD finding, the MRI detected persistent cortical abnormality beyond the 70th day after admission. MRI normalized on the 103rd day of follow-up. Serial EEG frequency analysis demonstrated the recovery of alpha peak frequency on the left side, but the attenuation of rhythmic signals remained persistent on the right. In our case, the restitution of postictal EEG lag behind the consolidation of MRI signal abnormality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-407
Number of pages6
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume107
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1998

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Keywords

  • Electroencephalography
  • Focal epilepsy
  • Focal status epilepticus
  • Follow-up
  • MRI
  • Transcranial Doppler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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