Reversible electrochemical coloration of indium tin oxide (ITO) in aqueous solutions

R. Schiller, G. Battistig, Joseph Rabani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The optically transparent electrode material, indium tin oxide (ITO), was shown to turn gray under negative potential, below -700 mV (Ag/AgCl/0.1 N NaCl), in acid aqueous solutions in the presence of several oxidizable agents. The process is in good part reversible. Optical absorption and electric current were measured both under steady voltages and by linear potential sweep. The absorption coefficient of the gray layer was found to be γ=(1.06±0. 13)×10 6 M -1 cm -1 at 400 nm in keeping with earlier observations of the same kind. The presence of hydrogen in the gray layer was proved by ion beam analysis. The kinetics of the process, the central problem of the paper, was studied in some detail. Based on the assumption that the rate determining step of coloration is the diffusion of atomic H into the layer, the diffusion coefficient of hydrogen in the solid was found to be D=4.3×10-11cm2s-1. This value is within the order of magnitude of known diffusivities of hydrogen in other metal oxides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-223
Number of pages7
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Volume72
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005

Fingerprint

indium oxides
tin oxides
aqueous solutions
color
hydrogen
electrode materials
electric current
diffusivity
metal oxides
absorptivity
optical absorption
diffusion coefficient
ion beams
acids
kinetics
electric potential

Keywords

  • Backscattering
  • Diffusion-controlled kinetics
  • Electrochromism
  • H atom

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation

Cite this

Reversible electrochemical coloration of indium tin oxide (ITO) in aqueous solutions. / Schiller, R.; Battistig, G.; Rabani, Joseph.

In: Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 72, No. 2-3, 02.2005, p. 217-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The optically transparent electrode material, indium tin oxide (ITO), was shown to turn gray under negative potential, below -700 mV (Ag/AgCl/0.1 N NaCl), in acid aqueous solutions in the presence of several oxidizable agents. The process is in good part reversible. Optical absorption and electric current were measured both under steady voltages and by linear potential sweep. The absorption coefficient of the gray layer was found to be γ=(1.06±0. 13)×10 6 M -1 cm -1 at 400 nm in keeping with earlier observations of the same kind. The presence of hydrogen in the gray layer was proved by ion beam analysis. The kinetics of the process, the central problem of the paper, was studied in some detail. Based on the assumption that the rate determining step of coloration is the diffusion of atomic H into the layer, the diffusion coefficient of hydrogen in the solid was found to be D=4.3×10-11cm2s-1. This value is within the order of magnitude of known diffusivities of hydrogen in other metal oxides.

AB - The optically transparent electrode material, indium tin oxide (ITO), was shown to turn gray under negative potential, below -700 mV (Ag/AgCl/0.1 N NaCl), in acid aqueous solutions in the presence of several oxidizable agents. The process is in good part reversible. Optical absorption and electric current were measured both under steady voltages and by linear potential sweep. The absorption coefficient of the gray layer was found to be γ=(1.06±0. 13)×10 6 M -1 cm -1 at 400 nm in keeping with earlier observations of the same kind. The presence of hydrogen in the gray layer was proved by ion beam analysis. The kinetics of the process, the central problem of the paper, was studied in some detail. Based on the assumption that the rate determining step of coloration is the diffusion of atomic H into the layer, the diffusion coefficient of hydrogen in the solid was found to be D=4.3×10-11cm2s-1. This value is within the order of magnitude of known diffusivities of hydrogen in other metal oxides.

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