Intravenous adenosine in-vivo was shown to potentiate the effects of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents. This study aimed to determine whether adenosine A1-receptors mediated this potentiation. The authors investigated the effects of intravenous adenosine, N6- cyclopentyladenosine, specific A1-receptor agonist, and 8-cyclopentyl-1,3- dipropylxanthine, specific A1-receptor antagonist, on neuromuscular block by vecuronium, in in-vivo rat sciatic nerve-tibialis anterior preparations. In the presence of 50% steady state block by vecuronium, adenosine, and N 6-cyclopentyladenosine caused similar degree of depressions of twitch tension. Twitch tension returned to its pre-injection value more rapidly when 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine was given at the maximal block than when it was allowed to recover spontaneously. It was concluded that in in-vivo adenosine potentiated the neuromuscular effects of vecuronium through adenosine A1-receptors in rats.
- Neuromuscular blocking agents
- Purinergic P1
- Receptors: adenosine A1
ASJC Scopus subject areas