Introduction: HELLP syndrome (Haemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, Low platelet count) is a severe, life threatening form of preeclampsia, which was named by Weinstein in 1982, on the basis of characteristic changes in laboratory findings (haemolysis, elevated level of liver enzymes and thrombocytopenia). Its development is accompanied by a significant increase in maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality alike, therefore it is essential that obstetricians are familiar with the disease. Material and Methods: In the past ten years, 107 patients were treated for HELLP syndrome at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Semmelweis University. In our article we summed up about our experience with the treatment of patients, with special regard to the typical symptoms of HELLP syndrome, the laboratory abnormalities and the course of the disease. Results: The frequency of HELLP syndrome in live births was found to be 0.37% at our department. In our sample, among the liver enzymes, AST and LDH, the level of total bilirubin (indicating the degree of haemolysis), and repeated thrombocyte counts were suitable for following up the clinical course of HELLP syndrome. Among the patients who recovered from this disease, the AST, LDH and bilirubin levels returned to normal on the 4-5th days, 6-7th days and 3rd day, respectively, while the platelet count reached the critical level at 100 000/μl on the 3-4th days. Conclusions: The immediate termination of a pregnancy in which HELLP syndrome emerges may save the patient's life. Significant differences could be observed among the three groups in the thrombocyte count, LDH, AST and total bilirubin. The differences are especially great because the values fall in a very wide range. On admission, the mean haematocrit level was in the normal range in all of the groups, then it decreased, but the subsequent increase could be due to the high rate of transfusions.
|Translated title of the contribution||Retrospective study of perioperative treatment in patients with HELLP syndrome|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Magyar Noorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology