Retinoic acid and hydrocortisone strengthen the barrier function of human RPMI 2650 cells, a model for nasal epithelial permeability

Levente Kürti, Szilvia Veszelka, Alexandra Bocsik, Béla Ózsvári, László G. Puskás, Ágnes Kittel, Piroska Szabó-Révész, Mária A. Deli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nasal pathway represents an alternative route for non-invasive systemic administration of drugs. The main advantages of nasal drug delivery are the rapid onset of action, the avoidance of the first-pass metabolism in the liver and the easy applicability. In vitro cell culture systems offer an opportunity to model biological barriers. Our aim was to develop and characterize an in vitro model based on confluent layers of the human RPMI 2650 cell line. Retinoic acid, hydrocortisone and cyclic adenosine monophosphate, which influence cell attachment, growth and differentiation have been investigated on the barrier formation and function of the nasal epithelial cell layers. Real-time cell microelectronic sensing, a novel label-free technique was used for dynamic monitoring of cell growth and barrier properties of RPMI 2650 cells. Treatments enhanced the formation of adherens and tight intercellular junctions visualized by electron microscopy, the presence and localization of junctional proteins ZO-1 and β-catenin demonstrated by fluorescent immunohistochemistry, and the barrier function of nasal epithelial cell layers. The transepithelial resistance of the RPMI 2650 cell model reached 50 to 200 Ω × cm 2, the permeability coefficient for 4.4 kDa FITC-dextran was 9.3 to 17 × 10-6 cm/s, in agreement with values measured on nasal mucosa from in vivo and ex vivo experiments. Based on these results human RPMI 2650 cells seem to be a suitable nasal epithelial model to test different pharmaceutical excipients and various novel formulations, such as nanoparticles for toxicity and permeability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-406
Number of pages12
JournalCytotechnology
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2013

Keywords

  • Cell microelectronic sensing
  • Human nasal epithelial cell
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Paracellular permeability
  • RPMI 2650
  • Retinoic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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