Retention profiles and mechanism of anion separation on latex-based pellicular ion exchanger in ion chromatography

Krisztián Horváth, Péter Hajós

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


A retention model based on stoichiometric approach has been developed in order to describe analyte retention of anions on latex-based pellicular ion exchanger. The chromatographic process entails two stepwise and complex equilibria, first is ion-pair forming of analyte or eluent ion with ion-exchange sites under the effect of electrostatic forces due to the sulfonic layer behind the aminated functional groups of stationary phase. Second component is the ion-exchange between the analyte and eluent ions. As a new parameter of the fractional electrostatic coefficient of the ion exchange capacity was introduced to develop retention profiles of anions. Analysis of the dependence of the capacity factors on the eluent concentrations at different values of fractional coefficient shed light on the possible complex mechanism. Extensive experimental retention data were obtained for 14 anions (formate, acetate, propionate, pyruvate, lactate, chloride, nitrate, oxalate, malonate, succinate, tartarate, fumarate, maleate, sulphate) using hydroxide eluents of varying concentration. The ion-pair formation and ion-exchange selectivity constants for analyte and eluent species are determined using derived retention equation from experimental data by nonlinear iterative calculation. The model was utilized to predict retention data under elution conditions of practical importance. The predicted and obtained retention factors are in good agreement, which confirms the predictive power of the model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 3 2006


  • Anion chromatography
  • Electrostatic potential
  • Equilibrium constants
  • Ion exchange
  • Ion-pair forming
  • Retention modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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