The authors describe the evidence and results obtained in 21 out of 100 patients who underwent salvage retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy for advanced testicular cancer (UICC stage II/B bulky and stage III) in the period 1982-1993, and in whom inductive chemotherapy was not followed by marker conversion. It is stated that if AFP positivity is low (titres below 100 ng/ml) salvage retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy (RLA) is of high therapeutic value, whereas in all cases with HCG positivity or AFP titres higher than 500 ng/ml tumorous death ensued without exception. In our cases viable tumour residues occurred in 81%. Salvage resection was feasible in 76%, but every incomplete resection (19%) was followed by death due to tumour. In all but one of the cases marker positivity, an indicator of therapy-resistant viable tumour residues, persisted after having used more than four PVB combinations or changes in the chemotherapeutic regimen.
ASJC Scopus subject areas