Results of durum wheat breeding in martonvásár

L. Szunics, Z. Bedo, Lu Szunics, L. Láng, O. Veisz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Work on durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) has been in progress in Hungary, with varying degrees of success, since the beginning of the century. At first this work mainly involved basic research, followed later by introduction, breeding and cultivation. Its sowing area has fluctuated, and so far it has never been grown on more than 14 thousand hectares (1996). This slow spread can be explained chiefly by the fact that spring varieties were first grown, as no real winter varieties were available, and the productivity of these was far lower than that of winter wheats. Things began to change when the first winter durum wheat varieties were developed, but these still left much to be desired (poorer productivity, frost resistance and quality). Research was thus aimed at overcoming these deficiencies. As the result of continuous efforts in the Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Martonvasar two varieties bred in Martonvasar (Martondur 1, Martondur 2) and two introduced varieties (Odmadur 1, Odmadur 2) were granted state registration in 1996, thus improving the choice available to growers and providing varieties better suited to their requirements. All four varieties comply with dus regulations. They are productive, yielding more in comparative state trials than the mean for the control varieties. In eight years of experiments in Martonvasar they gave yields similar to that of Yubileinaya 50. They have excellent frost resistance, approaching that of Bánkúti 1201, the common wheat variety grown in Hungary for the longest period (1931-1972); the only exception to this is Martondur 2, although even this has frost resistance equal to that of winter barleys. They tiller well and have good regeneration ability. They are mid-early varieties and are not prone to seed shrivelling under normal climatic conditions. Martondur i and Odmadur 1 have short stems, strong straw and good lodging resistance, while the other two varieties may lodge under unfavourable conditions. They have average resistance to the major diseases. When grown with satisfactory technology the quality of all the registered varieties reaches that laid down in the standard.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-148
Number of pages14
JournalActa Agronomica Hungarica
Volume46
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1998

Keywords

  • Breeding
  • Disease resistance
  • Frost resistance
  • New varieties
  • Quality
  • Winter durum wheat
  • Yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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