Results and failures with or without cisplatin containing induction chemotherapy in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck

Lajos Olasz, Árpád Németh, Zoltán Nyárády, Tamás Tornóczky, László Királyfalvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This prospective randomised study was undertaken to assess the effects and effectiveness of cisplatin in a pre-operative setting. Thirty-eight patients were treated with stage II-IVa (AJCC) squamous cell cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx. Nineteen patients received a combination of bleomycin, vincristine, methotrexate (BVM; group I.), 19 received BVM and cisplatin (group II). Patients underwent surgery within 3 weeks after chemotherapy. Biopsy and surgical specimens were compared. A clinical complete response was seen in five patients in group I (26.3%) and in four patients in group II (21.1%). Partial response was noted in 11 patients in group I (57.8%) and in 13 patients in group II (68.4%). There was no statistical difference in clinical response between the two groups. Microscopic response was better in the cisplatin treated group. Median follow up of patients is 52 (36-70) months. Disease free survival showed a significant difference, favouring the no cisplatin group (P=0.03). There was no significant difference in overall survival (P>0.6). Cisplatin in combination with BVM showed significantly higher levels of microscopic response, but the lower disease free survival is mostly due to a higher rate of regional neck failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Detection and Prevention
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • Combined therapy
  • Head and neck cancer
  • Induction chemotherapy
  • Squamous cell cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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