Restoration of photosystem II photochemistry and carbon assimilation and related changes in chlorophyll and protein contents during the rehydration of desiccated Xerophyta scabrida leaves

P. Pérez, G. Rabnecz, Z. Laufer, D. Gutiérrez, Z. Tuba, R. Martínez-Carrasco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recovery of photosynthesis in rehydrating desiccated leaves of the poikilochlorophyllous desiccation-tolerant plant Xerophyta scabrida was investigated. Detached leaves were remoistened under 12h light/dark cycles for 96h. Water, chlorophyll (Chl), and protein contents, Chl fluorescence, photosynthesis-CO2 concentration response, and the amount and activity of Rubisco were measured at intervals during the rehydration period. Leaf relative water contents reached 87% in 12h and full turgor in 96h. Chl synthesis was slower before than after 24h, and Chla:Chlb ratios changed from 0.13 to 2.6 in 48h. The maximum quantum efficiency recovered faster during rehydration than the photosystem II operating efficiency and the efficiency factor, which is known to depend mainly on the use of the electron transport chain products. From 24h to 96h of rehydration, net carbon fixation was Rubisco limited, rather than electron transport limited. Total Rubisco activity increased during rehydration more than the Rubisco protein content. Desiccated leaves contained, in a close to functional state, more than half the amount of the Rubisco protein present in rehydrated leaves. The results suggest that in X. scabrida leaves Rubisco adopts a special, protective conformation and recovers its activity during rehydration through modifications in redox status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)895-905
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of experimental botany
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011

Keywords

  • Chlorophyll fluorescence
  • Rubisco
  • Xerophyta scabrida
  • desiccation tolerance
  • non-photochemical quenching
  • photosynthesis
  • poikilochlorophylly
  • relative water content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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