Resting blood pressure values of adult athletes

Barbara Varga-Pintér, Patrícia Horváth, Zsuzsanna Kneffel, Zsuzsanna Major, Péter Osváth, Gábor Pavlik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Regular physical activity has a favorable effect upon the prevention and treatment of hypertension. Various movements in sports, however, affect blood pressure (BP) differently. Methods: In the present study, the resting BP data of a large number (3,697) of young men and women (age: 19-40 years) who participated in sports medical examinations were compared according to their sport. Athletes were arranged into definite subgroups based on their different sport activities, i.e. if their movement pattern characteristics were similar and no significant intergroup differences were seen in BP values. Results: BP values were lower in the dynamic type athletes (speed, endurance sports and ball games) than in the static type. Out of the endurance athletes, BP values were not lower in cycle racers, kayakers/canoeists and rowers. In water athletes, BP values were higher than in corresponding dry-land athletes. There was a quite large significant difference between the BP values of athletes involved in static muscular activity (power athletes) and dynamic-type strength athletes (combat competitors). Conclusions: Although cycling, kayaking/canoeing and competitive water sports increase BP, as leisure time activities they more than likely do not elevate BP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-395
Number of pages9
JournalKidney and Blood Pressure Research
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2011

Keywords

  • Athletes
  • Blood pressure
  • Canoe
  • Cycling
  • Kayak
  • Power athletes
  • Water athletes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Varga-Pintér, B., Horváth, P., Kneffel, Z., Major, Z., Osváth, P., & Pavlik, G. (2011). Resting blood pressure values of adult athletes. Kidney and Blood Pressure Research, 34(6), 387-395. https://doi.org/10.1159/000327850