The mitochondrial matrix subfractions from rat liver, kidney cortex, brain, heart, and skeletal muscle were isolated and their protein components were resolved by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, revealing between 120 and 150 components for each matrix subfraction. Excellent resolution was obtained utilizing a pH 5 to 8 gradient in the first dimension and in 8 to 13% exponential acrylamide gradient in the second dimension, increasing the number of mitochondrial matrix proteins observed 3-fold over one-dimensional systems. Protein components tentatively identified by co-migration with pure enzymes and by known tissue distributions are carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase (EC 184.108.40.206), ornithine transcarbamylase (EC 220.127.116.11), glutamate dehydrogenase (EC 18.104.22.168), pyruvate carboxylase (EC 22.214.171.124), citrate synthase (EC 126.96.36.199), fumarase (EC 188.8.131.52), aconitase (EC 184.108.40.206), alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (EC 220.127.116.11), dihydrolipoyl transsuccinylase (EC 18.104.22.168), lipoamide dehydrogenase (EC 22.214.171.124), glutamate-aspartate aminotransferase (EC 126.96.36.199), and the two subunits of pyruvate dehydrogenase (EC 188.8.131.52). Protein components unambiguously identified by peptide mapping are citrate synthase, aconitase, and pyruvate carboxylase. The inner membrane subfraction from rat liver mitochondria was also resolved two dimensionally; the alpha and beta subunits of ATPase (F1) (EC 184.108.40.206) were identified by peptide mapping.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 25 1979|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology