Reshaping of femtosecond pulses by the Gouy phase shift

Z. L. Horváth, Zs Bor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)


It is shown that because of the phase anomaly a femtosecond pulse propagates on the optical axis with a velocity greater than c in the vicinity of the focus not only for large but also small values of the Fresnel number. The group velocity is calculated and its physical meaning discussed. Analytical expressions are derived for the electric field. The causality of the system is proved. The mechanism of the superluminality is a reshaping process caused by the interference. Contrary to other superluminal phenomena, the superluminal propagation occurs in a classically not forbidden region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2337-2346
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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