Introduction: Despite all new promising agents of oncotherapy, it is still liver resection that gives potential curative solution for primary and secondary liver tumors. The size of tumorous liver section for resection means no question any more but major vessel infiltration of tumor proposes challenge in liver surgery. Patients and method: Retrospective analysis was carried out covering 33 patients who underwent liver resection in St. Janos Hospital Surgery Department between 1st May 2017 and 1st May 2019. Demographic, surgical, histological data and postoperative course were taken into consideration and comparison with two of our patients who needed vena cava excision simultaneously with liver resection. Results: Patients with liver resection only (LR) had a mean operation time of 91.7 minutes, while operation time for patients with cava resection (CR) was 250 minutes. The average amount of blood transfusion was 1.2 units (200 ml) in group LR and 5 units in group CR. Among LR patients, resection was rated R0 in 23 and R1 in 8 cases, R2 resection could be performed in 2 cases, in group CR in both cases R1 resection was registered. 5 patients with colorectal liver metastasis were operated after previous chemotherapy. Two patients underwent laparoscopic liver resection and two had synchronous colorectal and liver resection, one of these was treated via laparoscopic approach. Conclusion: Liver resections in case of large vessel (vena cava, hepatic vein) infiltrating by liver tumors are indicated the most challenging procedures of liver surgery. The relating literature refers to oncological liver resections with vena cava excision and reconstruction to be safe and applicable.
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