Resection and replacement of the carotid artery in metastatic head and neck cancer: Literature review and case report

Zsolt Németh, Gy Dömötör, M. Tálos, J. Barabás, M. Ujpál, Gy Szabó

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metastases of advanced tumours of the oral cavity sometimes affect the cervical segments of the carotid arteries. The situation is worse in the 5-10% of cases in which the metastasis involves the common or internal carotid to such an extent that resection and replacement of the artery become necessary. Following clinical, CT/NM, and angiographic examinations, a surgical plan for the resection and reconstruction of the affected vascular segment is formulated. In preparing a treatment plan, emphasis must be placed on the expected quality of life, and careful consideration must be given to the extent of the operation. A survey of the international literature reveals that the reported mean 1-year complaint free survival rate after resection and reconstruction varies between 0 and 44%. In our experience, the wall of the carotid vessels is very resistant to tumour invasion in a large majority of patients. When radical surgery and reconstruction are carried out in the same session, does this increase the long-term cure rate and lengthen patient survival? A number of authors agree that radical interventions do not alter the survival indices significantly, but may improve the quality of life and regional control of the disease. The controversy over this topic is illustrated by means of a case report.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)645-650
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003

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Keywords

  • Carotid artery resection
  • Neck metastasis
  • Predictive tests
  • Quality of life
  • Reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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