Replication of the origin region of simian virus 40 DNA in permeabilized monkey cells.

N. Sarkar, J. F. List, G. Bánfalvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA replication was studied in monolayers of infected monkey CV-1 cells, permeabilized with lysolecithin, by incubation with [alpha-32P]dTTP, the other dNTPs and rNTPs and an ATP-regenerating system. Analysis of the labeled SV40 DNA by sedimentation in alkaline sucrose gradients showed that about 30% of the material synthesized by the permeable cells in the course of 60 min consisted of covalently closed circular SV40 DNA (form I), with the remainder sedimenting as relaxed circles (form II) and replicative intermediates between 18 S and 4 S. The synthesis of SV40 DNA in the permeabilized cell system required the presence of all four dNTPs and was completely inhibited by aphidicolin, consistent with the involvement of DNA polymerase alpha. A detailed analysis of the distribution of radioactivity in the DNA synthesized involved cleavage with BstNI restriction endonuclease, followed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and radioautography. The extent of labeling of all restriction fragments was nearly proportional to their length, suggesting that the entire SV40 chromosome was being replicated. This was confirmed by the careful comparison of the rate of labeling of a DNA fragment which includes the replication origin, and a fragment which includes the replication terminus. Their labeling was proportional to their size, regardless of the time for which the labeling was carried out. This demonstrated that the replication of the entire SV40 chromosome occurred in a steady state and that the start and termination of replication continuously occurred throughout the labeling period. The availability of an in vitro system in which replication of SV40 DNA undergoes multiple replication cycles should be of considerable value in the analysis of the mechanism of replication of this viral genome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-268
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume168
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 1987

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Replication Origin
Simian virus 40
Viruses
Haplorhini
Labeling
DNA
Chromosomes
Aphidicolin
DNA Polymerase I
Lysophosphatidylcholines
Viral Genome
Radioactivity
Electrophoresis
Autoradiography
DNA Replication
Sedimentation
Sucrose
Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis
Monolayers
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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Replication of the origin region of simian virus 40 DNA in permeabilized monkey cells. / Sarkar, N.; List, J. F.; Bánfalvi, G.

In: European Journal of Biochemistry, Vol. 168, No. 2, 15.10.1987, p. 263-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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