Renal excretion of endothelin in children is influenced by age and diuresis

I. Mattyus, L. Zimmerhackl, A. Schwarz, M. Hentschel, M. Brandis, M. Miltenyi, T. Tulassay

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Endothelin is a peptide with vasoactive and diuretic potential. Its release has been demonstrated from endothelial and renal epithelial cells. Urinary excretion of endothelin, as shown by others, is thought to reflect intrarenal production. We measured endothelin by RIA in a population of healthy children from Germany and Hungary (group 1), neonates (group 3) and children before and during forced diuresis (groups 2a and 2b). Group 1 consisted of 24 children living in Germany and 13 children resident in Hungary. The age range in this group was 2.9-17 years. Daily excretion correlated significantly with age (r = 0.48, p < 0.001), but endothelin excretion corrected for body surface area remained constant with regard to the age group studied. This indicates that body or kidney size may influence endothelin excretion, respectively. There was no difference in endothelin excretion between the two countries. In premature infants and neonates (group 3), daily excretion of endothelin was highest in infants with very low gestational ages and decreased in full-term neonates to values not significantly different to the group of older children. The high values in premature infants may have been influenced by mechanical ventilation of physical stress, which cannot be differentiated in this study, however. In contrast to reported results in adults, renal excretion of endothelin was correlated positively to urine flow in all groups. Furthermore, the influence of forced diuresis was evaluated in 10 children with oncological disease before (group 2a) and during (group 2b) forced diuresis with fluid load (3 l/m2; n = 4) and fluid load with furosemide injection (0.3-1.0 mg/kg body weight; n = 6). During this diuretic state, endothelin excretion was enhanced significantly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-472
Number of pages5
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994


  • Children
  • Diuresis
  • Endothelin
  • Kidney
  • Neonates
  • Normal values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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