Relationship between temperament, depression, anxiety, and hopelessness in adolescents: A structural equation model

Paolo Iliceto, Maurizio Pompili, David Lester, Xenia Gonda, Cinzia Niolu, Nicoletta Girardi, Zoltán Rihmer, Gabriella Candilera, Paolo Girardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the validity of affective temperaments for predicting psychiatric morbidity and suicide risk, using a two-factor model to explain the relationships between temperament, anxiety, depression, and hopelessness. We investigated 210 high school students, 103 males and 107 females, 18-19 years old, who were administered self-report questionnaires to assess temperament (TEMPS-A), depression (BDI-II), anxiety (STAI) and hopelessness (BHS). The final structural model had a good fit with the data, with two factors significantly correlated, the first labeled unstable cyclothymic temperament including Dysthymic/Cyclothymic/Anxious temperament, Irritable temperament and Depression, and the second labeled Demoralization including Anxiety (State/Trait) and Hopelessness. Depression, anxiety and hopelessness are in a complex relationship partly mediated by temperament.

Original languageEnglish
Article number160175
JournalDepression Research and Treatment
Volume2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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