Relationship between SPAD value and grain yield can be affected by cultivar, environment and soil nitrogen content in wheat

István Monostori, Tamás Árendás, Borbála Hoffman, G. Galiba, Krisztián Gierczik, Fruzsina Szira, Attila Vágújfalvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SPAD-502 (Minolta Ltd, Osaka Japan), a hand-held chlorophyll meter is widely used in the synchronization of N supply with actual crop demand, however it is also known, that genotype and environment may effect SPAD value. Consequently, the aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic and environmental variation in SPAD value and to determine the relationship between SPAD value at heading (GS 59) and grain yield. Field experiments were conducted in three consecutive cropping seasons between 2012 and 2015 in Hungary and forty winter wheat varieties were tested at two nitrogen levels. Strong significant positive correlation was found between grain yield and SPAD values, but it was highly influenced by cultivars. The proportion of the phenotypical variance explained by the cultivars was different in each growing season and was ranged from 12.50 to 59.04 %. Additionally, it was revealed that the cultivars can be categorised by different SPAD—yield relationship and modern cultivar can be separated into five groups. While same SPAD value can predict different yield level in different cultivars it can be concluded, that SPAD value should be calibrated for cultivar. Based on regression analysis, such an option is also presented here for forty important wheat cultivars. Hence, cultivar specific SPAD value at heading can provide a more accurate estimate of the final yield in wheat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalEuphytica
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jul 11 2016

Fingerprint

nitrogen content
Triticum
Nitrogen
Soil
grain yield
wheat
cultivars
soil
heading
SPAD
Hungary
Chlorophyll
winter wheat
Japan
hands
regression analysis
Hand
Genotype
Regression Analysis
growing season

Keywords

  • Fertilizer
  • Grain yield
  • Nitrogen
  • SPAD value
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Relationship between SPAD value and grain yield can be affected by cultivar, environment and soil nitrogen content in wheat. / Monostori, István; Árendás, Tamás; Hoffman, Borbála; Galiba, G.; Gierczik, Krisztián; Szira, Fruzsina; Vágújfalvi, Attila.

In: Euphytica, 11.07.2016, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Monostori, István ; Árendás, Tamás ; Hoffman, Borbála ; Galiba, G. ; Gierczik, Krisztián ; Szira, Fruzsina ; Vágújfalvi, Attila. / Relationship between SPAD value and grain yield can be affected by cultivar, environment and soil nitrogen content in wheat. In: Euphytica. 2016 ; pp. 1-10.
@article{e58bfd7b06a14f9689f0714180971ae7,
title = "Relationship between SPAD value and grain yield can be affected by cultivar, environment and soil nitrogen content in wheat",
abstract = "SPAD-502 (Minolta Ltd, Osaka Japan), a hand-held chlorophyll meter is widely used in the synchronization of N supply with actual crop demand, however it is also known, that genotype and environment may effect SPAD value. Consequently, the aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic and environmental variation in SPAD value and to determine the relationship between SPAD value at heading (GS 59) and grain yield. Field experiments were conducted in three consecutive cropping seasons between 2012 and 2015 in Hungary and forty winter wheat varieties were tested at two nitrogen levels. Strong significant positive correlation was found between grain yield and SPAD values, but it was highly influenced by cultivars. The proportion of the phenotypical variance explained by the cultivars was different in each growing season and was ranged from 12.50 to 59.04 {\%}. Additionally, it was revealed that the cultivars can be categorised by different SPAD—yield relationship and modern cultivar can be separated into five groups. While same SPAD value can predict different yield level in different cultivars it can be concluded, that SPAD value should be calibrated for cultivar. Based on regression analysis, such an option is also presented here for forty important wheat cultivars. Hence, cultivar specific SPAD value at heading can provide a more accurate estimate of the final yield in wheat.",
keywords = "Fertilizer, Grain yield, Nitrogen, SPAD value, Wheat",
author = "Istv{\'a}n Monostori and Tam{\'a}s {\'A}rend{\'a}s and Borb{\'a}la Hoffman and G. Galiba and Kriszti{\'a}n Gierczik and Fruzsina Szira and Attila V{\'a}g{\'u}jfalvi",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1007/s10681-016-1741-z",
language = "English",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "Euphytica",
issn = "0014-2336",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between SPAD value and grain yield can be affected by cultivar, environment and soil nitrogen content in wheat

AU - Monostori, István

AU - Árendás, Tamás

AU - Hoffman, Borbála

AU - Galiba, G.

AU - Gierczik, Krisztián

AU - Szira, Fruzsina

AU - Vágújfalvi, Attila

PY - 2016/7/11

Y1 - 2016/7/11

N2 - SPAD-502 (Minolta Ltd, Osaka Japan), a hand-held chlorophyll meter is widely used in the synchronization of N supply with actual crop demand, however it is also known, that genotype and environment may effect SPAD value. Consequently, the aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic and environmental variation in SPAD value and to determine the relationship between SPAD value at heading (GS 59) and grain yield. Field experiments were conducted in three consecutive cropping seasons between 2012 and 2015 in Hungary and forty winter wheat varieties were tested at two nitrogen levels. Strong significant positive correlation was found between grain yield and SPAD values, but it was highly influenced by cultivars. The proportion of the phenotypical variance explained by the cultivars was different in each growing season and was ranged from 12.50 to 59.04 %. Additionally, it was revealed that the cultivars can be categorised by different SPAD—yield relationship and modern cultivar can be separated into five groups. While same SPAD value can predict different yield level in different cultivars it can be concluded, that SPAD value should be calibrated for cultivar. Based on regression analysis, such an option is also presented here for forty important wheat cultivars. Hence, cultivar specific SPAD value at heading can provide a more accurate estimate of the final yield in wheat.

AB - SPAD-502 (Minolta Ltd, Osaka Japan), a hand-held chlorophyll meter is widely used in the synchronization of N supply with actual crop demand, however it is also known, that genotype and environment may effect SPAD value. Consequently, the aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic and environmental variation in SPAD value and to determine the relationship between SPAD value at heading (GS 59) and grain yield. Field experiments were conducted in three consecutive cropping seasons between 2012 and 2015 in Hungary and forty winter wheat varieties were tested at two nitrogen levels. Strong significant positive correlation was found between grain yield and SPAD values, but it was highly influenced by cultivars. The proportion of the phenotypical variance explained by the cultivars was different in each growing season and was ranged from 12.50 to 59.04 %. Additionally, it was revealed that the cultivars can be categorised by different SPAD—yield relationship and modern cultivar can be separated into five groups. While same SPAD value can predict different yield level in different cultivars it can be concluded, that SPAD value should be calibrated for cultivar. Based on regression analysis, such an option is also presented here for forty important wheat cultivars. Hence, cultivar specific SPAD value at heading can provide a more accurate estimate of the final yield in wheat.

KW - Fertilizer

KW - Grain yield

KW - Nitrogen

KW - SPAD value

KW - Wheat

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84978134279&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84978134279&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10681-016-1741-z

DO - 10.1007/s10681-016-1741-z

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84978134279

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - Euphytica

JF - Euphytica

SN - 0014-2336

ER -