Relationship between perception of emotional home atmosphere and fruit and vegetable consumption in European adolescents

Results from the I.Family survey

Hadil A. Ghazy Elsayed, Lauren Lissner, Kirsten Mehlig, Barbara Franziska Thumann, Antje Hebestreit, Valeria Pala, Toomas Veidebaum, Tonia Solea, Luis Moreno, D. Molnár, Ratih Wirapuspita Wisnuwardani, Fabio Lauria, Monica Hunsberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective:Consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) among adolescents falls below recommendations in many Western countries. The impact of social and emotional aspects of family life on adolescent dietary behaviour may contribute to this, yet remains under-investigated. The present study examines the association between adolescents' perceptions of emotional home atmosphere (EHA) and their F&V consumption frequency.Design:An FFQ was used to assess F&V consumption frequency. EHA was assessed by an eight-item measure with three subscales: perceived home warmth, strictness and relational tension. EHA subscales were used as binary variables: a score equal to or above the median value was considered as a higher perception, while a score below the median was considered as a lower perception of the EHA in question. Country differences in meeting the European 5-a-day recommendations were described. Further, the association between EHA and F&V consumption frequency was investigated using multiple linear regression.Setting:Regional examination centres in eight European countries.Participants:Adolescents (n 3196) aged 12-18 years.Results:The mean F&V consumption frequency was 3·27 (sd 2·84) times/d. Only 16·1 % of boys and 18 % of girls in our study sample met the recommendation of five F&V daily. After controlling for age, sex, education level of the parents and country of origin, perceived home warmth was associated with a 16 (95 % CI 9, 22) % higher F&V consumption frequency (P < 0·001).Conclusions:F&V consumption frequency was suboptimal in the survey areas. Interventions targeting perceived warmth as a component of EHA could potentially have a positive effect on adolescents' dietary behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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vegetables
fruits
vegetable
fruit
atmospheres
atmosphere
recommendations
consumption
family
targeting
regression analysis
education
examination
recommendation

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Emotional home atmosphere
  • Family
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Socio-emotional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Relationship between perception of emotional home atmosphere and fruit and vegetable consumption in European adolescents : Results from the I.Family survey. / Ghazy Elsayed, Hadil A.; Lissner, Lauren; Mehlig, Kirsten; Thumann, Barbara Franziska; Hebestreit, Antje; Pala, Valeria; Veidebaum, Toomas; Solea, Tonia; Moreno, Luis; Molnár, D.; Wisnuwardani, Ratih Wirapuspita; Lauria, Fabio; Hunsberger, Monica.

In: Public Health Nutrition, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ghazy Elsayed, HA, Lissner, L, Mehlig, K, Thumann, BF, Hebestreit, A, Pala, V, Veidebaum, T, Solea, T, Moreno, L, Molnár, D, Wisnuwardani, RW, Lauria, F & Hunsberger, M 2019, 'Relationship between perception of emotional home atmosphere and fruit and vegetable consumption in European adolescents: Results from the I.Family survey', Public Health Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019002234
Ghazy Elsayed, Hadil A. ; Lissner, Lauren ; Mehlig, Kirsten ; Thumann, Barbara Franziska ; Hebestreit, Antje ; Pala, Valeria ; Veidebaum, Toomas ; Solea, Tonia ; Moreno, Luis ; Molnár, D. ; Wisnuwardani, Ratih Wirapuspita ; Lauria, Fabio ; Hunsberger, Monica. / Relationship between perception of emotional home atmosphere and fruit and vegetable consumption in European adolescents : Results from the I.Family survey. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2019.
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abstract = "Objective:Consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) among adolescents falls below recommendations in many Western countries. The impact of social and emotional aspects of family life on adolescent dietary behaviour may contribute to this, yet remains under-investigated. The present study examines the association between adolescents' perceptions of emotional home atmosphere (EHA) and their F&V consumption frequency.Design:An FFQ was used to assess F&V consumption frequency. EHA was assessed by an eight-item measure with three subscales: perceived home warmth, strictness and relational tension. EHA subscales were used as binary variables: a score equal to or above the median value was considered as a higher perception, while a score below the median was considered as a lower perception of the EHA in question. Country differences in meeting the European 5-a-day recommendations were described. Further, the association between EHA and F&V consumption frequency was investigated using multiple linear regression.Setting:Regional examination centres in eight European countries.Participants:Adolescents (n 3196) aged 12-18 years.Results:The mean F&V consumption frequency was 3·27 (sd 2·84) times/d. Only 16·1 {\%} of boys and 18 {\%} of girls in our study sample met the recommendation of five F&V daily. After controlling for age, sex, education level of the parents and country of origin, perceived home warmth was associated with a 16 (95 {\%} CI 9, 22) {\%} higher F&V consumption frequency (P < 0·001).Conclusions:F&V consumption frequency was suboptimal in the survey areas. Interventions targeting perceived warmth as a component of EHA could potentially have a positive effect on adolescents' dietary behaviour.",
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T1 - Relationship between perception of emotional home atmosphere and fruit and vegetable consumption in European adolescents

T2 - Results from the I.Family survey

AU - Ghazy Elsayed, Hadil A.

AU - Lissner, Lauren

AU - Mehlig, Kirsten

AU - Thumann, Barbara Franziska

AU - Hebestreit, Antje

AU - Pala, Valeria

AU - Veidebaum, Toomas

AU - Solea, Tonia

AU - Moreno, Luis

AU - Molnár, D.

AU - Wisnuwardani, Ratih Wirapuspita

AU - Lauria, Fabio

AU - Hunsberger, Monica

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N2 - Objective:Consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) among adolescents falls below recommendations in many Western countries. The impact of social and emotional aspects of family life on adolescent dietary behaviour may contribute to this, yet remains under-investigated. The present study examines the association between adolescents' perceptions of emotional home atmosphere (EHA) and their F&V consumption frequency.Design:An FFQ was used to assess F&V consumption frequency. EHA was assessed by an eight-item measure with three subscales: perceived home warmth, strictness and relational tension. EHA subscales were used as binary variables: a score equal to or above the median value was considered as a higher perception, while a score below the median was considered as a lower perception of the EHA in question. Country differences in meeting the European 5-a-day recommendations were described. Further, the association between EHA and F&V consumption frequency was investigated using multiple linear regression.Setting:Regional examination centres in eight European countries.Participants:Adolescents (n 3196) aged 12-18 years.Results:The mean F&V consumption frequency was 3·27 (sd 2·84) times/d. Only 16·1 % of boys and 18 % of girls in our study sample met the recommendation of five F&V daily. After controlling for age, sex, education level of the parents and country of origin, perceived home warmth was associated with a 16 (95 % CI 9, 22) % higher F&V consumption frequency (P < 0·001).Conclusions:F&V consumption frequency was suboptimal in the survey areas. Interventions targeting perceived warmth as a component of EHA could potentially have a positive effect on adolescents' dietary behaviour.

AB - Objective:Consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) among adolescents falls below recommendations in many Western countries. The impact of social and emotional aspects of family life on adolescent dietary behaviour may contribute to this, yet remains under-investigated. The present study examines the association between adolescents' perceptions of emotional home atmosphere (EHA) and their F&V consumption frequency.Design:An FFQ was used to assess F&V consumption frequency. EHA was assessed by an eight-item measure with three subscales: perceived home warmth, strictness and relational tension. EHA subscales were used as binary variables: a score equal to or above the median value was considered as a higher perception, while a score below the median was considered as a lower perception of the EHA in question. Country differences in meeting the European 5-a-day recommendations were described. Further, the association between EHA and F&V consumption frequency was investigated using multiple linear regression.Setting:Regional examination centres in eight European countries.Participants:Adolescents (n 3196) aged 12-18 years.Results:The mean F&V consumption frequency was 3·27 (sd 2·84) times/d. Only 16·1 % of boys and 18 % of girls in our study sample met the recommendation of five F&V daily. After controlling for age, sex, education level of the parents and country of origin, perceived home warmth was associated with a 16 (95 % CI 9, 22) % higher F&V consumption frequency (P < 0·001).Conclusions:F&V consumption frequency was suboptimal in the survey areas. Interventions targeting perceived warmth as a component of EHA could potentially have a positive effect on adolescents' dietary behaviour.

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