Relationship between maturity, electrolyte balance and the function of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in newborn infants

E. Sulyok, M. Nemeth, I. Tenyi, I. F. Csaba, F. Varga, E. Györy, V. Thurzó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simultaneous measurement of plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma aldosterone concentration (PA) and urinary aldosterone excretion (UAE) was made using the RIA method along with determination of Na and K balance in 1-week-old neonates with gestational age of 30-41 weeks (mean 35.9 weeks) and birth weight of 1,160-4,670 g (mean 2.680 g). It was demonstrated that PRA decreased from the value of 36.3 ± 6.3 ng/ml/h (mean ±SE) to a level of 10.2 ± 2.1 ng/ml/h (p <0.001), PA did not change and UAE increased from 3.3 ± 0.8 to 7.8 ± 1.4 μ/day (p <0.01) as the gestational age advanced from 30-32 to 39-41 weeks. There was no correlation between either PRA and PA or PA and UAE. PRA showed a significant positive correlation with urinary Na excretion (p <0.001) and plasma K concentration (p <0.05), but it was negatively related to Na balance (p <0.001). Significant negative correlations were found between UAE and urinary Na excretion (p <0.05), urinary Na/K ratio (p <0.01) and plasma K concentration (p <0.05); however, UAE positively correlated with Na balance (p <0.01). It is concluded that, in response to renal salt wasting and to the subsequent negative salt balance, premature infants can augment their PRA above values found for full-term infants. Their adrenals, however, failed to respond adequately to this stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-65
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of the neonate
Volume35
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 23 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Biology

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