Relation of apparent diffusion coefficient changes and metabolic disturbances after 1 hour of focal cerebral ischemia and at different reperfusion phases in rats

L. Oláh, S. Wecker, M. Hoehn

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Abstract

Changes in apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) were compared with alterations of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration and pH in different phases of transient focal cerebral ischemia to study the ADC threshold for breakdown of energy metabolism and tissue acidosis during ischemia and reperfusion. Male Wistar rats underwent I hour of middle cerebral artery occlusion without recirculation (n = 3) or with 1 hour (n = 4) or 10 hours of reperfusion (n=5) inside the magnet, using a remotely controlled thread occlusion model. ADC maps were calculated from diffusion-weighted images and normalized to the preischemic value to obtain relative ADC maps. Hemispheric lesion volume (HLV) was determined on the last relative ADC maps at different relative ADC thresholds and was compared to the HLV measured by ATP depletion and by tissue acidosis. The HLVs, defined by ATP depletion and tissue acidosis, were 26.0% ± 10.6% and 38.1% ± 6.5% at the end of ischemia, 3.3% ± 2.4% and 4.8% ± 3.5% after 1 hour of reperfusion, and 11.2% ± 4.7% and 10.9% ± 5.2% after 10 hours of recirculation, respectively. The relative ADC thresholds for energy failure were consistently approximately 77% of the control value in the three different groups. The threshold for tissue acidosis was higher at the end of ischemia (86% of control) but was similar to the results obtained for ATP depletion after 1 hour (78% of control) and 10 hours (76% of control) of recirculation. These results indicate that the described relative ADC threshold of approximately 77% of control provides a good estimate for the breakdown of energy metabolism not only during middle cerebral artery occlusion but also at the early phase of reperfusion, when recovery of energy metabolism is expected to occur, or some hours later, when development of secondary energy failure was described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-439
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume21
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Brain Ischemia
Reperfusion
Acidosis
Adenosine Triphosphate
Energy Metabolism
Ischemia
Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction
Magnets
Transient Ischemic Attack
Wistar Rats

Keywords

  • Apparent diffusion coefficient
  • Energy metabolism
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Rats
  • Secondary energy failure
  • Tissue acidosis
  • Transient cerebral ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

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title = "Relation of apparent diffusion coefficient changes and metabolic disturbances after 1 hour of focal cerebral ischemia and at different reperfusion phases in rats",
abstract = "Changes in apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) were compared with alterations of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration and pH in different phases of transient focal cerebral ischemia to study the ADC threshold for breakdown of energy metabolism and tissue acidosis during ischemia and reperfusion. Male Wistar rats underwent I hour of middle cerebral artery occlusion without recirculation (n = 3) or with 1 hour (n = 4) or 10 hours of reperfusion (n=5) inside the magnet, using a remotely controlled thread occlusion model. ADC maps were calculated from diffusion-weighted images and normalized to the preischemic value to obtain relative ADC maps. Hemispheric lesion volume (HLV) was determined on the last relative ADC maps at different relative ADC thresholds and was compared to the HLV measured by ATP depletion and by tissue acidosis. The HLVs, defined by ATP depletion and tissue acidosis, were 26.0{\%} ± 10.6{\%} and 38.1{\%} ± 6.5{\%} at the end of ischemia, 3.3{\%} ± 2.4{\%} and 4.8{\%} ± 3.5{\%} after 1 hour of reperfusion, and 11.2{\%} ± 4.7{\%} and 10.9{\%} ± 5.2{\%} after 10 hours of recirculation, respectively. The relative ADC thresholds for energy failure were consistently approximately 77{\%} of the control value in the three different groups. The threshold for tissue acidosis was higher at the end of ischemia (86{\%} of control) but was similar to the results obtained for ATP depletion after 1 hour (78{\%} of control) and 10 hours (76{\%} of control) of recirculation. These results indicate that the described relative ADC threshold of approximately 77{\%} of control provides a good estimate for the breakdown of energy metabolism not only during middle cerebral artery occlusion but also at the early phase of reperfusion, when recovery of energy metabolism is expected to occur, or some hours later, when development of secondary energy failure was described.",
keywords = "Apparent diffusion coefficient, Energy metabolism, Magnetic resonance imaging, Rats, Secondary energy failure, Tissue acidosis, Transient cerebral ischemia",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Relation of apparent diffusion coefficient changes and metabolic disturbances after 1 hour of focal cerebral ischemia and at different reperfusion phases in rats

AU - Oláh, L.

AU - Wecker, S.

AU - Hoehn, M.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Changes in apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) were compared with alterations of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration and pH in different phases of transient focal cerebral ischemia to study the ADC threshold for breakdown of energy metabolism and tissue acidosis during ischemia and reperfusion. Male Wistar rats underwent I hour of middle cerebral artery occlusion without recirculation (n = 3) or with 1 hour (n = 4) or 10 hours of reperfusion (n=5) inside the magnet, using a remotely controlled thread occlusion model. ADC maps were calculated from diffusion-weighted images and normalized to the preischemic value to obtain relative ADC maps. Hemispheric lesion volume (HLV) was determined on the last relative ADC maps at different relative ADC thresholds and was compared to the HLV measured by ATP depletion and by tissue acidosis. The HLVs, defined by ATP depletion and tissue acidosis, were 26.0% ± 10.6% and 38.1% ± 6.5% at the end of ischemia, 3.3% ± 2.4% and 4.8% ± 3.5% after 1 hour of reperfusion, and 11.2% ± 4.7% and 10.9% ± 5.2% after 10 hours of recirculation, respectively. The relative ADC thresholds for energy failure were consistently approximately 77% of the control value in the three different groups. The threshold for tissue acidosis was higher at the end of ischemia (86% of control) but was similar to the results obtained for ATP depletion after 1 hour (78% of control) and 10 hours (76% of control) of recirculation. These results indicate that the described relative ADC threshold of approximately 77% of control provides a good estimate for the breakdown of energy metabolism not only during middle cerebral artery occlusion but also at the early phase of reperfusion, when recovery of energy metabolism is expected to occur, or some hours later, when development of secondary energy failure was described.

AB - Changes in apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) were compared with alterations of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration and pH in different phases of transient focal cerebral ischemia to study the ADC threshold for breakdown of energy metabolism and tissue acidosis during ischemia and reperfusion. Male Wistar rats underwent I hour of middle cerebral artery occlusion without recirculation (n = 3) or with 1 hour (n = 4) or 10 hours of reperfusion (n=5) inside the magnet, using a remotely controlled thread occlusion model. ADC maps were calculated from diffusion-weighted images and normalized to the preischemic value to obtain relative ADC maps. Hemispheric lesion volume (HLV) was determined on the last relative ADC maps at different relative ADC thresholds and was compared to the HLV measured by ATP depletion and by tissue acidosis. The HLVs, defined by ATP depletion and tissue acidosis, were 26.0% ± 10.6% and 38.1% ± 6.5% at the end of ischemia, 3.3% ± 2.4% and 4.8% ± 3.5% after 1 hour of reperfusion, and 11.2% ± 4.7% and 10.9% ± 5.2% after 10 hours of recirculation, respectively. The relative ADC thresholds for energy failure were consistently approximately 77% of the control value in the three different groups. The threshold for tissue acidosis was higher at the end of ischemia (86% of control) but was similar to the results obtained for ATP depletion after 1 hour (78% of control) and 10 hours (76% of control) of recirculation. These results indicate that the described relative ADC threshold of approximately 77% of control provides a good estimate for the breakdown of energy metabolism not only during middle cerebral artery occlusion but also at the early phase of reperfusion, when recovery of energy metabolism is expected to occur, or some hours later, when development of secondary energy failure was described.

KW - Apparent diffusion coefficient

KW - Energy metabolism

KW - Magnetic resonance imaging

KW - Rats

KW - Secondary energy failure

KW - Tissue acidosis

KW - Transient cerebral ischemia

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C2 - 11323529

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VL - 21

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EP - 439

JO - Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

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