Relation between the socioeconomic status of the family and primary allergy prevention in infant feeding in Hajdú-Bihar County, Hungary

Gabriella Páll, Margit Szövetes, Hajnalka Márton, Istvánné Molnár, Z. Vokó, Erzsébet Szakos, S. Sipka, István Ilyés, G. Szegedi, Gabriella Pásti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The relationship between socioeconomic status and preventive care is an important issue in public health practice in Hungary. Our aim was to investigate the association between the socio-economic status and the present practice of primary allergy prevention in infant feeding in Hajdú-Bihar County, Hungary. Methods: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was performed among 3076 infants aged 0-6 months. We studied how socioeconomic status, type of settlement, allergic background of the family and skin symptoms indicative for allergy were related to primary allergy prevention in infant feeding. Prevalence odds ratios (ORs) were calculated by multiple logistic regression. Results: Independent determinants of breast feeding were age [OR corresponding to one month change 0.74; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.70-0.77], the female gender (OR 1.24; 95% CI 1.06-1.46), the socioeconomic status of the family (OR comparing the worst with the best category 0.63; 95% CI 0.43-0.93), and birth weight (OR comparing 2500 g category 0.17; 95% CI 0.07-0.41). Among supplementary nutrient users independent determinants of the use of hydrolysed infant formulae were the socioeconomic status (OR comparing the worst with the best category 0.06; 95% CI 0.01-0.27), the type of settlement (OR comparing village with town 0.48; 95% CI 0.28-0.80), history of allergy in the family (OR 2.30; 95% CI 1.28-4.11), and skin symptoms indicative of allergy (OR 3.46; 95% CI 1.96-6.14). Conclusion: Socio-economic status is related to the implementation of primary allergy prevention in infant feeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-53
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

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Hungary
Primary Prevention
Social Class
Hypersensitivity
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Economics
Public Health Practice
Skin
Infant Formula
Preventive Medicine
Breast Feeding
Birth Weight
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Food

Keywords

  • Infant nutrition
  • Primary prevention
  • Socio-economic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Relation between the socioeconomic status of the family and primary allergy prevention in infant feeding in Hajdú-Bihar County, Hungary. / Páll, Gabriella; Szövetes, Margit; Márton, Hajnalka; Molnár, Istvánné; Vokó, Z.; Szakos, Erzsébet; Sipka, S.; Ilyés, István; Szegedi, G.; Pásti, Gabriella.

In: European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 1, 02.2006, p. 48-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Páll, Gabriella ; Szövetes, Margit ; Márton, Hajnalka ; Molnár, Istvánné ; Vokó, Z. ; Szakos, Erzsébet ; Sipka, S. ; Ilyés, István ; Szegedi, G. ; Pásti, Gabriella. / Relation between the socioeconomic status of the family and primary allergy prevention in infant feeding in Hajdú-Bihar County, Hungary. In: European Journal of Public Health. 2006 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 48-53.
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abstract = "Background: The relationship between socioeconomic status and preventive care is an important issue in public health practice in Hungary. Our aim was to investigate the association between the socio-economic status and the present practice of primary allergy prevention in infant feeding in Hajd{\'u}-Bihar County, Hungary. Methods: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was performed among 3076 infants aged 0-6 months. We studied how socioeconomic status, type of settlement, allergic background of the family and skin symptoms indicative for allergy were related to primary allergy prevention in infant feeding. Prevalence odds ratios (ORs) were calculated by multiple logistic regression. Results: Independent determinants of breast feeding were age [OR corresponding to one month change 0.74; 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) 0.70-0.77], the female gender (OR 1.24; 95{\%} CI 1.06-1.46), the socioeconomic status of the family (OR comparing the worst with the best category 0.63; 95{\%} CI 0.43-0.93), and birth weight (OR comparing 2500 g category 0.17; 95{\%} CI 0.07-0.41). Among supplementary nutrient users independent determinants of the use of hydrolysed infant formulae were the socioeconomic status (OR comparing the worst with the best category 0.06; 95{\%} CI 0.01-0.27), the type of settlement (OR comparing village with town 0.48; 95{\%} CI 0.28-0.80), history of allergy in the family (OR 2.30; 95{\%} CI 1.28-4.11), and skin symptoms indicative of allergy (OR 3.46; 95{\%} CI 1.96-6.14). Conclusion: Socio-economic status is related to the implementation of primary allergy prevention in infant feeding.",
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AU - Molnár, Istvánné

AU - Vokó, Z.

AU - Szakos, Erzsébet

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AB - Background: The relationship between socioeconomic status and preventive care is an important issue in public health practice in Hungary. Our aim was to investigate the association between the socio-economic status and the present practice of primary allergy prevention in infant feeding in Hajdú-Bihar County, Hungary. Methods: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was performed among 3076 infants aged 0-6 months. We studied how socioeconomic status, type of settlement, allergic background of the family and skin symptoms indicative for allergy were related to primary allergy prevention in infant feeding. Prevalence odds ratios (ORs) were calculated by multiple logistic regression. Results: Independent determinants of breast feeding were age [OR corresponding to one month change 0.74; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.70-0.77], the female gender (OR 1.24; 95% CI 1.06-1.46), the socioeconomic status of the family (OR comparing the worst with the best category 0.63; 95% CI 0.43-0.93), and birth weight (OR comparing 2500 g category 0.17; 95% CI 0.07-0.41). Among supplementary nutrient users independent determinants of the use of hydrolysed infant formulae were the socioeconomic status (OR comparing the worst with the best category 0.06; 95% CI 0.01-0.27), the type of settlement (OR comparing village with town 0.48; 95% CI 0.28-0.80), history of allergy in the family (OR 2.30; 95% CI 1.28-4.11), and skin symptoms indicative of allergy (OR 3.46; 95% CI 1.96-6.14). Conclusion: Socio-economic status is related to the implementation of primary allergy prevention in infant feeding.

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