Regulation of plasma factor XIII levels in healthy individuals; a major impact by subunit B intron K c.1952 + 144 C > G polymorphism

Zoltán A. Mezei, Éva Katona, Judit Kállai, Zsuzsanna Bereczky, Éva Molnár, Bettina Kovács, Éva Ajzner, Zsuzsa Bagoly, Tünde Miklós, László Muszbek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background The regulation of plasma factor XIII (FXIII) levels in healthy individuals has been only partially explored. The identification of major non-genetic and genetic regulatory factors might provide important information on the contribution of FXIII to the risk of cardio/cerebrovascular diseases. Objectives To determine the effect of age, smoking, BMI, fibrinogen concentration on plasma FXIII activity, complex FXIII antigen (FXIII-A2B2) and total FXIII-B subunit (tFXIII-B) level, to correlate FXIII-B level with the other two FXIII parameters and to assess the variation of FXIII levels in carriers of major FXIII subunit polymorphisms. Methods 268 healthy individuals were enrolled in the study. FXIII activity was measured by the ammonia release assay; FXIII-A2B2 and tFXIII-B were determined by ELISAs. FXIII-A p.Val34Leu, FXIII-B p.His95Arg and FXIII-B intron K c.1952 + 144 C > G polymorphisms were identified by RT-PCR using melting point analysis with fluorescence resonance energy transfer detection. Results All investigated FXIII parameters showed significant positive correlation with age and fibrinogen level; gender and BMI influenced only tFXIII-B. A highly significant positive correlation was demonstrated between tFXIII-B and the other FXIII parameters. FXIII-A p.Val34Leu polymorphism had only slight, if any effect on FXIII levels. The FXIII-B Arg95 allele moderately increased all three FXIII parameters, but the effect became statistically significant only after adjustment. The FXIII-B intron K G allele drastically decreased FXIII levels, and it seemed to be in synergism with the FXIII-A Leu34 allele. Conclusions Plasma FXIII levels are subjected to multifactorial regulation, in which age, fibrinogen level and FXIII-B intron K polymorphism are major determinants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis research
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016


  • Factor XIII
  • Fibrinogen
  • Gender
  • Healthy volunteers
  • Polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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