Regulation of autolysis in aspergillus nidulans

T. Emri, Z. Molnár, Melinda Szilágyi, I. Pócsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In terms of cell physiology, autolysis is the centerpiece of carbon-starving fungal cultures. In the filamentous fungus model organism Aspergillus nidulans, the last step of carbon-starvation-triggered autolysis was the degradation of the cell wall of empty hyphae, and this process was independent of concomitantly progressing cell death at the level of regulation. Autolysis-related proteinase and chitinase activities were induced via FluG signaling, which initiates sporulation and inhibits vegetative growth in surface cultures of A. nidulans. Extracellular hydrolase production was also subjected to carbon repression, which was only partly dependent on CreA, the main carbon catabolite repressor in this fungus. These data support the view that one of the main functions of autolysis is supplying nutrients for sporulation, when no other sources of nutrients are available. The divergent regulation of cell death and cell wall degradation provides the fungus with the option to keep dead hyphae intact to help surviving cells to absorb biomaterials from dead neighboring cells before these are released into the extracellular space. The industrial significance of these observations is also discussed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Part A Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology
Volume151
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

Fingerprint

Autolysis
Aspergillus nidulans
Aspergillus
Carbon
Fungi
Hyphae
Cell death
Cell Wall
Nutrients
Cell Death
Cells
Hydrolases
Food
Cell Physiological Phenomena
Degradation
Chitinases
Physiology
Extracellular Space
Biocompatible Materials
Starvation

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Aspergillus nidulans
  • Autolysis
  • chiB
  • Chitinase
  • creA
  • fluG
  • Proteinase
  • prtA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Regulation of autolysis in aspergillus nidulans. / Emri, T.; Molnár, Z.; Szilágyi, Melinda; Pócsi, I.

In: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Part A Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology, Vol. 151, No. 2-3, 12.2008, p. 211-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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