Azálás, mint a löszgyep természetvédelmi kezelési leheto{double acute}sége; a siska nádtippan (calamagrostis epigeios) visszaszorítására tett kezeléssorozat tapasztalatai

Translated title of the contribution: Regular mowing as a nature conservation management of loess steppe: Case study for control of calamagrostis epigeios

Judit Házi, Barnabás Wichmann, Andrea Tóth, S. Bartha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Regeneration of seminatural grasslands are often threatened by the invasion of Calamagrostis epigeios, which can slow down or arrest secondary succession. Here we report the results of a 9-year mowing experiment designed to suppress the spread of C. epigeios in mid-successional grasslands in Hungary. The experimental design consisted of 16 permanent plots of 3×3 m. Half of the plots were mowed twice a year (in June and September), the other half was left as control. Vegetation was sampled in 2×2 m quadrates before mowing in each year between 2001-2009. The effects of mowing were tested using repeated-measure AN OVA and Tukey HSD for post-hoc tests. Significant decrease of C. epigeios appeared after two years of mowing. Species richness increased after four years, while diversity after eight years. By this time the target native species Brachypodium pinnatum become dominant. Similar trends appeared in the control plots during spontaneous succession but at much slower rates. Our results suggest that C. epigeios disappears spontaneously in secondary grassland succession after ca. 40-50 years. However, mowing twice a year can speed up this process by opening a "colonization window" to the valuable target species. For successful control, mowing should be maintained for approximately eight years.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)393-404
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Landscape Ecology
Volume10
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

mowing
conservation management
nature conservation
steppe
loess
grassland
secondary succession
experimental design
native species
colonization
regeneration
species richness
vegetation
experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

@article{c587909e3d384389a3a980d9b47053db,
title = "Az{\'a}l{\'a}s, mint a l{\"o}szgyep term{\'e}szetv{\'e}delmi kezel{\'e}si leheto{double acute}s{\'e}ge; a siska n{\'a}dtippan (calamagrostis epigeios) visszaszor{\'i}t{\'a}s{\'a}ra tett kezel{\'e}ssorozat tapasztalatai",
abstract = "Regeneration of seminatural grasslands are often threatened by the invasion of Calamagrostis epigeios, which can slow down or arrest secondary succession. Here we report the results of a 9-year mowing experiment designed to suppress the spread of C. epigeios in mid-successional grasslands in Hungary. The experimental design consisted of 16 permanent plots of 3×3 m. Half of the plots were mowed twice a year (in June and September), the other half was left as control. Vegetation was sampled in 2×2 m quadrates before mowing in each year between 2001-2009. The effects of mowing were tested using repeated-measure AN OVA and Tukey HSD for post-hoc tests. Significant decrease of C. epigeios appeared after two years of mowing. Species richness increased after four years, while diversity after eight years. By this time the target native species Brachypodium pinnatum become dominant. Similar trends appeared in the control plots during spontaneous succession but at much slower rates. Our results suggest that C. epigeios disappears spontaneously in secondary grassland succession after ca. 40-50 years. However, mowing twice a year can speed up this process by opening a {"}colonization window{"} to the valuable target species. For successful control, mowing should be maintained for approximately eight years.",
keywords = "Abandoned vineyards, Biodiversity, Forest-steppe zone, Long term management, Restoration, Secondary meadow steppe, Spontaneous succession",
author = "Judit H{\'a}zi and Barnab{\'a}s Wichmann and Andrea T{\'o}th and S. Bartha",
year = "2012",
language = "Hungarian",
volume = "10",
pages = "393--404",
journal = "Journal of Landscape Ecology",
issn = "1589-4673",
publisher = "Szent Istvan University",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Azálás, mint a löszgyep természetvédelmi kezelési leheto{double acute}sége; a siska nádtippan (calamagrostis epigeios) visszaszorítására tett kezeléssorozat tapasztalatai

AU - Házi, Judit

AU - Wichmann, Barnabás

AU - Tóth, Andrea

AU - Bartha, S.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Regeneration of seminatural grasslands are often threatened by the invasion of Calamagrostis epigeios, which can slow down or arrest secondary succession. Here we report the results of a 9-year mowing experiment designed to suppress the spread of C. epigeios in mid-successional grasslands in Hungary. The experimental design consisted of 16 permanent plots of 3×3 m. Half of the plots were mowed twice a year (in June and September), the other half was left as control. Vegetation was sampled in 2×2 m quadrates before mowing in each year between 2001-2009. The effects of mowing were tested using repeated-measure AN OVA and Tukey HSD for post-hoc tests. Significant decrease of C. epigeios appeared after two years of mowing. Species richness increased after four years, while diversity after eight years. By this time the target native species Brachypodium pinnatum become dominant. Similar trends appeared in the control plots during spontaneous succession but at much slower rates. Our results suggest that C. epigeios disappears spontaneously in secondary grassland succession after ca. 40-50 years. However, mowing twice a year can speed up this process by opening a "colonization window" to the valuable target species. For successful control, mowing should be maintained for approximately eight years.

AB - Regeneration of seminatural grasslands are often threatened by the invasion of Calamagrostis epigeios, which can slow down or arrest secondary succession. Here we report the results of a 9-year mowing experiment designed to suppress the spread of C. epigeios in mid-successional grasslands in Hungary. The experimental design consisted of 16 permanent plots of 3×3 m. Half of the plots were mowed twice a year (in June and September), the other half was left as control. Vegetation was sampled in 2×2 m quadrates before mowing in each year between 2001-2009. The effects of mowing were tested using repeated-measure AN OVA and Tukey HSD for post-hoc tests. Significant decrease of C. epigeios appeared after two years of mowing. Species richness increased after four years, while diversity after eight years. By this time the target native species Brachypodium pinnatum become dominant. Similar trends appeared in the control plots during spontaneous succession but at much slower rates. Our results suggest that C. epigeios disappears spontaneously in secondary grassland succession after ca. 40-50 years. However, mowing twice a year can speed up this process by opening a "colonization window" to the valuable target species. For successful control, mowing should be maintained for approximately eight years.

KW - Abandoned vineyards

KW - Biodiversity

KW - Forest-steppe zone

KW - Long term management

KW - Restoration

KW - Secondary meadow steppe

KW - Spontaneous succession

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872474286&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872474286&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84872474286

VL - 10

SP - 393

EP - 404

JO - Journal of Landscape Ecology

JF - Journal of Landscape Ecology

SN - 1589-4673

IS - 2

ER -