Reflection and exclusion of shear zones in inhomogeneous granular materials

Tamás Börzsönyi, Tamás Unger, Balázs Szabó, Sandra Wegner, Frank Angenstein, Ralf Stannarius

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Shear localization in granular materials is studied experimentally and numerically. The system consists of two material layers with different effective frictions. The presence of the material interface leads to a special type of "total internal reflection" of the shear zone. In a wide range of configurations the reflection is characterized by a fixed angle which is analogous to the critical angle of refraction in optics. The zone leaves and reenters the high friction region at this critical angle and in between it stays near the interface in the low friction region. The formalism describing the geometry of the shear zones and that of refracted and reflected light beams is very similar. For the internal visualization of shear localization two independent experimental techniques were used (i) excavation and (ii) magnetic resonance imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8330-8336
Number of pages7
JournalSoft Matter
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Sep 21 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Börzsönyi, T., Unger, T., Szabó, B., Wegner, S., Angenstein, F., & Stannarius, R. (2011). Reflection and exclusion of shear zones in inhomogeneous granular materials. Soft Matter, 7(18), 8330-8336.