Reference concentrations of trace elements in urine of the Budapestian population

M. Zeiner, M. Ovari, Gy Zaray, I. Steffan

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Reference values in biological specimens are crucial to estimate the type and magnitude of environmental and occupational exposure: Because of its importance in the excretion of noxious substances and to the noninvasive mode of its collection, urine is a useful specimen for monitoring studies. Thus, the concentrations of six trace elements (Al, Co, Mo, Nb, Ni, and Ti) were determined in 100 urine samples of the Budapestian population by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The obtained creatinine adjusted concentrations (medians) are (in μg/g) 9.9, 0.6, 53.5, 0.4, 1.5, and 8.5 for Al, Co, Mo, Nb, Ni, and Ti, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalBiological Trace Element Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2004



  • Budapestian population
  • ICP-MS
  • Reference values
  • Trace elements
  • Urine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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