Reduction of nitrosative stress by methane: Neuroprotection through xanthine oxidoreductase inhibition in a rat model of mesenteric ischemia-reperfusion

Marietta Zita Poles, Nikolett Bódi, Mária Bagyánszki, Éva Fekete, András Tamás Mészáros, Gabriella Varga, Szilárd Szűcs, Anna Nászai, Liliána Kiss, Andrey V. Kozlov, M. Borós, J. Kaszaki

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Abstract

Our aim was to characterize the main components of the nitrosative response with quantitative changes of the nitrergic myenteric neurons in adjacent intestinal segments after transient superior mesenteric artery occlusion. We also tested the hypothesis that exogenous methane may modulate the evolution of nitroxidation by influencing xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) activity. The microcirculatory consequences of a 50 min ischemia or ischemia-reperfusion were investigated in anesthetized rats (n = 124) inhaling normoxic air with or without 2.2% methane. XOR activities, nitrogen monoxide (NO), nitrite/nitrate (NOx), and nitrotyrosine levels were measured, together with relative nitrergic neuron ratios from duodenum, ileum and colon samples. The effects of methane on XOR were also examined in vitro. The intramural flow stopped only in the ileum during ischemia. The highest baseline XOR activity was found in the duodenum, which increased further during ischemia. NO and nitrotyrosine levels rose, and the nNOS-immunopositive neuron ratio and NOx level both dropped. Reperfusion uniformly elevated XOR activity and nitrotyrosine formation, with the highest level attained in the duodenum, where the nitrergic neuron ratio remained depressed. These alterations were eliminated in methane-treated animals, XOR activity and nitrotyrosine formation decreased in all sites, and the duodenal nitrergic neuron ratio was re-established. The inhibitory effect of methane on XOR-linked nitrate reductase activity was also demonstrated in vitro. With segment-specific microcirculatory alterations, the risk for nitrosative stress is highest in transiently hypoxic tissues with high endogenous XOR activities. The XOR-inhibitory effect of methane can reduce nitroxidation and protects the nitrergic neuron population in such conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-169
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 20 2018

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Keywords

  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Microcirculation
  • Nitrergic myenteric neurons, hypoxia
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitrogen biology
  • Nitrotyrosine
  • Segment-specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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