Reduction of liver ischemia-reperfusion injury via glutamine pretreatment

Rita Stangl, Attila Szijártó, Péter Ónody, Judit Tamás, Miklós Tátrai, Viktor Hegeds, Anna Blázovics, Gábor Lotz, András Kiss, Katalin Módis, Domokos Gerö, Csaba Szabó, Péter Kupcsulik, László Harsányi

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Surgical methods that reduce bleeding during major hepatic resections lead to warm ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury of the liver. This is well known to have a considerable impact on the postoperative outcome. Much research work has been done to develop possible protective techniques. We aimed to investigate the effectivity of L-alanyl-L-glutamine dipeptide pretreatment in an animal model of hepatic I-R injury. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats underwent normothermic, 60min segmental liver ischemia followed by 24h of reperfusion. The animals (n = 30) were divided into three experimental groups: sham operated, I-R, and glutamine (Gln) pretreated. Twenty-four h prior to I-R injury, rats in the Gln group received 500mg/kg Dipeptiven infusion as glutamine pretreatment. Hepatic microcirculation during the first hour of reperfusion was monitored by noninvasive laser Doppler flowmeter. After a 24-h reperfusion period, liver tissue was analyzed by histologic and immunohistochemical assessments. Serum necroenzyme and antioxidant levels were measured. Results: In the Gln group, the integral of the reperfusion curve (RA) and the plateau maximum (PM10) of the flow graph showed improving tendency (RA: P = 0.096; PM10: P = 0.084). Severity of histologic damage was reduced. Serum necroenzymes (ALT: P = 0.042, AST: P = 0.044) were significantly lower. Chemiluminescent intensity of liver and plasma was significantly decreased (P = 0.0003 and P = 0.0496). Further spectrophotometric analysis of liver homogenate samples also showed significant improvement of the redox homeostasis. Conclusions: Our results suggest that L-alanyl-L-glutamine dipeptide pretreatment given 24h prior to I-R injury could be an effective method to reduce liver damage caused by hepatic inflow occlusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume166
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2011

Keywords

  • L-alanyl-L-glutamine
  • glutamine
  • ischemia
  • liver
  • microcirculation
  • redox state
  • reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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  • Cite this

    Stangl, R., Szijártó, A., Ónody, P., Tamás, J., Tátrai, M., Hegeds, V., Blázovics, A., Lotz, G., Kiss, A., Módis, K., Gerö, D., Szabó, C., Kupcsulik, P., & Harsányi, L. (2011). Reduction of liver ischemia-reperfusion injury via glutamine pretreatment. Journal of Surgical Research, 166(1), 95-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2009.09.047