Reduction of friction and wear by ion-implanted carbonized photoresist

R. Öchsner, A. Kluge, J. Gyulai, S. Bogen, H. Ryssel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of ion-implanted carbonized photoresist layers (AZ 5210) on wear and friction is discussed in this paper. Photoresist, an organic resin, was used because of the simplicity of coating the sample, accurate control of the layer thickness, and high amount of carbon. The samples investigated were coated by conventional spin-on techniques with layer thicknesses varying from 0.2 μm to 2.2 μm. Subsequent ion bombardment at energies of 200 keV and 1.4 MeV with doses ranging from 1 × 1016 cm-2 to 1 × 1017 cm-2 caused carburization, densification, and a mixing of the layer with the steel substrate. Transmission electron microscopy investigations, Raman spectroscopy, elastic recoil detection analysis, and microhardness measurements confirmed the production of a hard, amorphous, hydrogen-containing (about 17%) carbon layer after implantation. The layers were deposited onto different steels (AISI 52100, AISI 440B unhardened, and AISI M2) and after implantation of boron, aluminium, phosphorus, arsenic and titanium, showed a strongly reduced friction coefficient (lower than 0.2) and drastically reduced wear behaviour. The duration of the wear reduction depended on both the thickness of the carbonized photoresist layer and on the implanted ion dose. Doses of 5 × 1016 cm-2 for hard steels and doses of 1 × 1017 cm-2 for soft steels are necessary to produce a sufficient layer adhesion by ion beam mixing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-128
Number of pages5
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume51
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 1992

Fingerprint

Steel
Photoresists
photoresists
friction
Wear of materials
Ions
Friction
ions
Carbon
steels
dosage
Boron
Arsenic
Ion bombardment
Titanium
Aluminum
Densification
Microhardness
Phosphorus
Ion beams

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Reduction of friction and wear by ion-implanted carbonized photoresist. / Öchsner, R.; Kluge, A.; Gyulai, J.; Bogen, S.; Ryssel, H.

In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 51, No. 1-3, 15.04.1992, p. 124-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Öchsner, R. ; Kluge, A. ; Gyulai, J. ; Bogen, S. ; Ryssel, H. / Reduction of friction and wear by ion-implanted carbonized photoresist. In: Surface and Coatings Technology. 1992 ; Vol. 51, No. 1-3. pp. 124-128.
@article{e140002b5c2144b691da2f3cf384b4b3,
title = "Reduction of friction and wear by ion-implanted carbonized photoresist",
abstract = "The influence of ion-implanted carbonized photoresist layers (AZ 5210) on wear and friction is discussed in this paper. Photoresist, an organic resin, was used because of the simplicity of coating the sample, accurate control of the layer thickness, and high amount of carbon. The samples investigated were coated by conventional spin-on techniques with layer thicknesses varying from 0.2 μm to 2.2 μm. Subsequent ion bombardment at energies of 200 keV and 1.4 MeV with doses ranging from 1 × 1016 cm-2 to 1 × 1017 cm-2 caused carburization, densification, and a mixing of the layer with the steel substrate. Transmission electron microscopy investigations, Raman spectroscopy, elastic recoil detection analysis, and microhardness measurements confirmed the production of a hard, amorphous, hydrogen-containing (about 17{\%}) carbon layer after implantation. The layers were deposited onto different steels (AISI 52100, AISI 440B unhardened, and AISI M2) and after implantation of boron, aluminium, phosphorus, arsenic and titanium, showed a strongly reduced friction coefficient (lower than 0.2) and drastically reduced wear behaviour. The duration of the wear reduction depended on both the thickness of the carbonized photoresist layer and on the implanted ion dose. Doses of 5 × 1016 cm-2 for hard steels and doses of 1 × 1017 cm-2 for soft steels are necessary to produce a sufficient layer adhesion by ion beam mixing.",
author = "R. {\"O}chsner and A. Kluge and J. Gyulai and S. Bogen and H. Ryssel",
year = "1992",
month = "4",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/0257-8972(92)90225-Y",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "124--128",
journal = "Surface and Coatings Technology",
issn = "0257-8972",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reduction of friction and wear by ion-implanted carbonized photoresist

AU - Öchsner, R.

AU - Kluge, A.

AU - Gyulai, J.

AU - Bogen, S.

AU - Ryssel, H.

PY - 1992/4/15

Y1 - 1992/4/15

N2 - The influence of ion-implanted carbonized photoresist layers (AZ 5210) on wear and friction is discussed in this paper. Photoresist, an organic resin, was used because of the simplicity of coating the sample, accurate control of the layer thickness, and high amount of carbon. The samples investigated were coated by conventional spin-on techniques with layer thicknesses varying from 0.2 μm to 2.2 μm. Subsequent ion bombardment at energies of 200 keV and 1.4 MeV with doses ranging from 1 × 1016 cm-2 to 1 × 1017 cm-2 caused carburization, densification, and a mixing of the layer with the steel substrate. Transmission electron microscopy investigations, Raman spectroscopy, elastic recoil detection analysis, and microhardness measurements confirmed the production of a hard, amorphous, hydrogen-containing (about 17%) carbon layer after implantation. The layers were deposited onto different steels (AISI 52100, AISI 440B unhardened, and AISI M2) and after implantation of boron, aluminium, phosphorus, arsenic and titanium, showed a strongly reduced friction coefficient (lower than 0.2) and drastically reduced wear behaviour. The duration of the wear reduction depended on both the thickness of the carbonized photoresist layer and on the implanted ion dose. Doses of 5 × 1016 cm-2 for hard steels and doses of 1 × 1017 cm-2 for soft steels are necessary to produce a sufficient layer adhesion by ion beam mixing.

AB - The influence of ion-implanted carbonized photoresist layers (AZ 5210) on wear and friction is discussed in this paper. Photoresist, an organic resin, was used because of the simplicity of coating the sample, accurate control of the layer thickness, and high amount of carbon. The samples investigated were coated by conventional spin-on techniques with layer thicknesses varying from 0.2 μm to 2.2 μm. Subsequent ion bombardment at energies of 200 keV and 1.4 MeV with doses ranging from 1 × 1016 cm-2 to 1 × 1017 cm-2 caused carburization, densification, and a mixing of the layer with the steel substrate. Transmission electron microscopy investigations, Raman spectroscopy, elastic recoil detection analysis, and microhardness measurements confirmed the production of a hard, amorphous, hydrogen-containing (about 17%) carbon layer after implantation. The layers were deposited onto different steels (AISI 52100, AISI 440B unhardened, and AISI M2) and after implantation of boron, aluminium, phosphorus, arsenic and titanium, showed a strongly reduced friction coefficient (lower than 0.2) and drastically reduced wear behaviour. The duration of the wear reduction depended on both the thickness of the carbonized photoresist layer and on the implanted ion dose. Doses of 5 × 1016 cm-2 for hard steels and doses of 1 × 1017 cm-2 for soft steels are necessary to produce a sufficient layer adhesion by ion beam mixing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026851703&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026851703&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0257-8972(92)90225-Y

DO - 10.1016/0257-8972(92)90225-Y

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0026851703

VL - 51

SP - 124

EP - 128

JO - Surface and Coatings Technology

JF - Surface and Coatings Technology

SN - 0257-8972

IS - 1-3

ER -