Reduced, reused and recycled

Detrital zircons define a maximum age for the Eoarchean (ca. 3750-3780Ma) Nuvvuagittuq Supracrustal Belt, Québec (Canada)

Nicole L. Cates, Karen Ziegler, Axel K. Schmitt, S. Mojzsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A key discovery from the Hadean (pre-3850Ma) detrital zircon record has been that the dichotomy of granitic and basaltic crust was established within about 160Myr of Earth's formation (Harrison, 2009). Understanding the origin and fate of this primordial crust would greatly add to what we know about the geodynamics of the Hadean Earth. Insights emerge from 147,146Sm-143,142Nd isotope data reported from different Eoarchean terranes worldwide, including the Nuvvuagittuq Supracrustal Belt (NSB) in northern Québec. Some Ca-poor (cummingtonite-rich) amphibolites and granitoid gneisses of the NSB preserve lower 142Nd/144Nd than Bulk Silicate Earth (BSE); these also show positive correlations against 147Sm/144Nd that were used by O'Neil et al. (2008, 2012) to assign a ca. 4400Ma age. Alternatively, the compositions were inherited during the formation of the NSB at around 3800Ma (Roth et al., 2013; Guitreau et al., 2013). To resolve this discrepancy, ion microprobe U-Pb ages are reported for detrital zircons from NSB meta-sediments from within the same supracrustal successions that preserve low 142Nd/144Nd. The youngest detrital zircon cores of igneous derivation define a maximum age for the NSB of ca. 3780Ma. This age is about 600Myr younger than that obtained from 142Nd/144Nd vs. 147Sm-143Nd regressions. Thus, just like the variable 142Nd/144Nd ratios reported for other Eoarchean terranes, non-BSE 142Nd/144Nd values of the NSB were inherited from an older component.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-293
Number of pages11
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume362
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2013

Fingerprint

Canada
zircon
Earth (planet)
Hadean
Silicates
terrane
silicates
crusts
silicate
cummingtonite
crust
Geodynamics
dichotomies
geodynamics
ion microprobe
granitoid
Isotopes
regression analysis
Sediments
sediments

Keywords

  • Detrital
  • Eoarchean
  • Geochronology
  • Nuvvuagittuq
  • Quartzite
  • Zircon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Reduced, reused and recycled : Detrital zircons define a maximum age for the Eoarchean (ca. 3750-3780Ma) Nuvvuagittuq Supracrustal Belt, Québec (Canada). / Cates, Nicole L.; Ziegler, Karen; Schmitt, Axel K.; Mojzsis, S.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 362, 15.01.2013, p. 283-293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A key discovery from the Hadean (pre-3850Ma) detrital zircon record has been that the dichotomy of granitic and basaltic crust was established within about 160Myr of Earth's formation (Harrison, 2009). Understanding the origin and fate of this primordial crust would greatly add to what we know about the geodynamics of the Hadean Earth. Insights emerge from 147,146Sm-143,142Nd isotope data reported from different Eoarchean terranes worldwide, including the Nuvvuagittuq Supracrustal Belt (NSB) in northern Qu{\'e}bec. Some Ca-poor (cummingtonite-rich) amphibolites and granitoid gneisses of the NSB preserve lower 142Nd/144Nd than Bulk Silicate Earth (BSE); these also show positive correlations against 147Sm/144Nd that were used by O'Neil et al. (2008, 2012) to assign a ca. 4400Ma age. Alternatively, the compositions were inherited during the formation of the NSB at around 3800Ma (Roth et al., 2013; Guitreau et al., 2013). To resolve this discrepancy, ion microprobe U-Pb ages are reported for detrital zircons from NSB meta-sediments from within the same supracrustal successions that preserve low 142Nd/144Nd. The youngest detrital zircon cores of igneous derivation define a maximum age for the NSB of ca. 3780Ma. This age is about 600Myr younger than that obtained from 142Nd/144Nd vs. 147Sm-143Nd regressions. Thus, just like the variable 142Nd/144Nd ratios reported for other Eoarchean terranes, non-BSE 142Nd/144Nd values of the NSB were inherited from an older component.",
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